Welcome to the Multinational Arabidopsis Steering Committee!

Click on a heading below and read about the recent progress of MASC member countries.

The wider Arabidopsis and plant community supports MASC by appointing individual country representatives, who are nationally and internationally well connected Arabidopsis researchers. To date 28 countries support MASC and the international Arabidopsis community. Researchers from all over the world working with Arabidopsis are highly encouraged to get involved with MASC in order to further strengthen the network, international collaboration and data sharing.

 

  • Argentina Open or Close
    Marcelo J. Yanovsky (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Instituto Leloir (FIL and CONICET)

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    There are more than 30 groups conducting varied research with Arabidopsis in Argentina. They work in different Institutes and Universities scattered throughout the country in cities such as Buenos Aires, Rosario, Mar del Plata, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Mendoza and Bariloche.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The research topics and research groups include, among others, water transport (Gabriela Amodeo), responses to water deficit (Raquel Chan, Norberto Iusem), light signaling and photomorphogenesis (Jorge Casal, Carlos Ballaré, Javier Botto), responses to UV-B light (Paula Casati, Carlos Ballaré, Raúl Cassia), oxidative stress (Nestor Carrillo, Daniel Gonzalez, Estela Valle, Diego Gomez Casati), leaf growth and development (Javier Palatnik, Ramiro Rodriguez), circadian rhythms (Marcelo Yanovsky), flowering time (Pablo Cerdán), flower development (Jorge Muschietti, Gabriela Pagnussat, Eduardo Zabaleta, Ariel Goldraij), hormone biology (Lorenzo Lamatina, Ana Laxalt, Carlos García Mata, Santiago Mora García, Ruben Bottini), carbohydrate metabolism (Graciela Salerno, Fernando Carrari), root growth and development (José Estevez) biotic stress responses (Sebastián Azurmendi, Mariana del Vas, María Elena Alvarez), gene expression, micro RNAs and alternative splicing (Pablo Manavella, Javier Palatnik, Marcelo Yanovsky, Alberto Kornblihtt).

    Conferences and Workshops

    The 11th International Plant Molecular Biology Congress, with strong participation of Arabidopsis researchers, was held in Iguazú Falls, at the border of Argentina and Brazil, and was organized by a bi-national Argentine-Brazilian Committee.


    Selected Publications

    • MicroRNA miR396 Regulates the Switch between Stem Cells and Transit-Amplifying Cells in Arabidopsis Roots. Rodriguez RE, Ercoli MF, Debernardi JM, Breakfield NW, Mecchia MA, Sabatini M, Cools T, De Veylder L, Benfey PN, Palatnik JF (2015) Plant Cell 27(12):3354-66.
    • KH domain protein RCF3 is a tissue-biased regulator of the plant miRNA biogenesis cofactor HYL1. Karlsson P, Christie MD, Seymour DK, Wang H, Wang X, Hagmann J, Kulcheski F, Manavella PA (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 112(45):14096-101.
    • The spliceosome assembly factor GEMIN2 attenuates the effects of temperature on alternative splicing and circadian rhythms. Schlaen RG, Mancini E, Sanchez SE, Perez-Santángelo S, Rugnone ML, Simpson CG, Brown JW, Zhang X, Chernomoretz A, Yanovsky MJ (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 112(30):9382-7.
    • Induced folding in RNA recognition by Arabidopsis thaliana DCL1. Suarez IP, Burdisso P, Benoit MP, Boisbouvier J, Rasia RM (2015) Nucleic Acids Res. 43(13):6607-19.


    Major Funding Sources

    Argentinean National Research Council (CONICET) and Agencia Nacional de Pomoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT).

  • Austria Open or Close
    Marie-Theres Hauser (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences BOKU, Vienna

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    University of Natural Resources & Life Science Vienna (BOKU), Department of Applied Genetics & Cell Biology (DAGZ) (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/en/)
    Gregor Mendel Institute of Molecular Plant Biology (GMI) (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/)
    Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL) (http://www.mfpl.ac.at/)
    Institute of Science and Technology, Austria (IST Austria)(http://www.ist.ac.at/en/)
    AIT Austrian Institute of Technology (http://www.ait.ac.at/)
    University of Salzburg, Division of Plant Physiology (http://www.uni-salzburg.at/index.php?id=32701&L=1)
    University of Vienna, Ecogenomics and Systems Biology (http://www.univie.ac.at/mosys)
    VBCF ProTech facility (http://www.vbcf.ac.at/facilities/protein-technologies/)
    VBCF PlantsS facility (http://www.vbcf.ac.at/facilities/plant-sciences/)

    Research Groups

    Population Genetics

    Magnus Nordborg (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/magnus-nordborg): Scientific Director of the GMI.

    Molecular Biology and Signaling

    Andreas Bachmair (http://www.mfpl.ac.at/mfpl-group/group/bachmair.html): Stress response pathways, posttranslational modification by Ubiquitin and by SUMO; Claudia Jonak (http://www.ait.ac.at/): Stress signal transduction and cellular responses; Markus Teige (http://www.univie.ac.at/mosys/markus_teige_cv.html): signaling in acclimation to stress, organellar signaling; Irute Meskiene (http://www.univie.ac.at/mosys/groups.html): stress signaling and protein phosphatases

    Chromosome Biology

    Peter Schlögelhofer (http://www.mfpl.ac.at/mfpl-group/group/schloegelhofer.html): meiotic recombination

    Epigenetics

    Frederic Berger (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/frederic-berger): Chromatin architecture and function; Ortrun Mittelsten Scheid (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/mittelsten-scheid): Epigenetic changes in plants


    Development

    Wolfgang Busch (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/wolfgang-busch): Regulation of root development in Arabidopsis; Michael Nodine (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research
    -groups/michael-nodine): Small RNA functions in plant embryos; Eva Benkova (http://ist.ac.at/en/research/research-groups/benkova-group): Hormonal regulation of plant development; Jiri Friml (http://ist.ac.at/research/research-groups/friml-group): Auxin transport, cell polarity and endocytic trafficking

    Molecular Genetics & Cell Biology

    Marie-Theres Hauser (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/en/abteilung-fuer-
    pflanzengenetik-und-zellbiologie/ag-hauser): development, stress; Jürgen Kleine Vehn (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/arbeitsgruppen/team-kleine-vehn/): phytohormonal crosstalk, differential growth regulation; Barbara Korbei (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/pgz/korbei): Elucidating the role of TOL proteins in post-Golgi trafficking

    Glycobiology

    Richard Strasser (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/en/mzg/strasser/): Function of N-glycans; Doris Lucyshyn (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/en/abteilung-fuer-pflanzengenetik-und-zellbiologie/ag-abas/projekt-lucyshyn): O-GlcNAcylation; Raimund Tenhaken (http://www.uni-salzburg.at/index.php?id=32790&L=1): Nucleotide sugars biosynthesis and function

    RNA Metabolism

    Mariya Kalyna (http://www.dagz.boku.ac.at/en/abteilung-fuer-
    pflanzengenetik-und-zellbiologie/ag-hauser/projekt-kalyna): Alternative splicing

    Plant Pathogen Interaction

    Youssef Belkhadir (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/youssef-belkhadir): Plant cell signalling at the interface of growth and defences; Armin Djamei (http://www.gmi.oeaw.ac.at/research-groups/armin-djamei): Effectomics - exploring the toolbox of plant pathogens

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Doctoral programmes financed by the FWF

     

    ITN (international training network)

    • 2013-2017 “CALIPSO - Calcium and Light Signals in Photosynthetic Organisms” (itn-calipso.univie.ac.at/)
    • 2013-2017 “COMREC: Control of Meiotic Recombination: Arabidopsis to Crops” (http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/comrec)

     

    ERC

    • 2011-2016 “MAXMAP: Developing maximum-resolution genotype-phenotype maps using whole-genome polymorphism data”
    • 2012-2017 “PSDP: Polarity and subcellular dynamics in plants”
    • 2014-2019 “EFFECTOMICS- elucidating the toolbox of biotrophic pathogens”
    • 2015-2020 “sRNA-EMB: Small RNA regulation of the body plan and epigenome in Arabidopsis embryos”
    • 2015-2020 “AuxinER: Mechanism of Auxin-dependent Signaling in the Endoplasmatic Reticulum” 

     

    ERA-CAPS projects

    • 2014-2017 “Dimorphic fruits, seed and seedlings as adaptation mechanisms to abiotic stress in unpredictable environments (SeedAdapt)”
    • 2014-2017 “EURO-PEC - European Plant Embryology Consortium”
    • 2015-2018 “Evolution of sexual reproduction in plants (EVOREPRO)”
    • 2014-2017 “The role of the N-end rule pathway in controlling plant response to the environment (N-vironment)”
    • 2014-2017 "Delineating the crossover control networks in plants (DeCOP)"

     

    WWTF projects

    • 2011-2018 “Plant Cell and Molecular Biology”
    • 2014-2018 “Quantitative Live Imaging to Determine the Regulatory Impact of Chromatin Dynamics” 

     

    FWF projects

    • 2008-2019 “Chromosome Dynamics“ SFB 34
    • 2013-2016 “SINUDYN – Stress-induced nucleosome dynamics in plants”
    • 2014-2017 “Impact of a new histone H2A variant on chromatin structure and dynamics”
    • 2014-2017 “N-vironment - The role of the N-end rule in plant response to the environment” 
    • 2014-2017 “In vivo Protein Interaction during Cell Signaling”
    • 2014-2017 “N-vironment - The role of the N-end rule in plant response to the environment” 
    • 2014-2019 “TOL Proteins in post-Golgi Trafficking in Plants”
    • 2015-2016 “Epigenetic Reprogramming of the Plant Paternal Genome”
    • 2015-2017 “Root growth Control and Epistasis”
    • 2015-2017 “Elucidating Salicylic Acid Sensing in Biotrophic Smut Fungi”
    • 2015-2017 “Hormone cross-talk drives nutrient-dependent root development”
    • 2015-2017 “Pectin signaling in responses to heavy metals and pathogens”
    • 2015-2018 “Dissecting the glycan-dependent ERAD pathway in plants”
    • 2015-2018 “Signaling Salt Stress to the chromatin”
    • 2015-2018 “Characterization of an essential virulence factor in the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis”
    • 2015-2018 “EXO70 exocyst subunits in morphogenesis and adaptation”
    • 2015-2019 “Small RNAdirected reprogramming of lineage-specific epigenomes in plant embryos”
    • 2016-2017 “The histone variant H2A.W: a novel component that structures chromatin domains”
    • 2016-2018 “Evolution of the chromatin organization in plants”
    • 2016-2018 “The role of PLD zeta1 in iron dependent root growth regulation”
    • 2016-2019 “Importance of Lewis A Epitopes for Pseudomonas syringae Infection of Arabidopsis” 

     

    DFG

    2011-2017 “Evolutionary plant solutions to ecological challenges: Molecular mechanisms underlying adaptive traits in the Brassicaceae s.l. (Adaptomics)”

     

    APART fellowship of the Austrian Academie of Sciences

    2014-2018 “O-GlcNAc Modification of Plant Proteins“

     

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Fred Berger: Several antibodies against Arabidopsis histones
    VBCF PlantsS facility: offering state of the art growth chambers and greenhouse space along with automated phenotyping
    VBCF ProTech facility: offering made-to-order CRISPR/Cas9 transgenics
    Andreas Bachmair: Mutants in ubiquitin conjugation, in vitro SUMO conjugation assay
    IST Austria: root chip tracking system, light sheet (SPIM) microscope for Arabidopsis roots, lateral roots, apical hook (not published), vertical confocal microscope allowing automatic tracking of the root growth (not published), platform for specific cell ablation combined with real-time imaging in plants

    Outreach Activities

    Fascination of plant day, May 18, 2016. (http://www.plantday12.eu/home.htm)
    European Researchers Night, Sept 25, 2016 (http://www.fit-for-future.at/calipso)
    Long night of Research, April 22, 2016 (http://www.langenachtderforschung.at/)
    Open campus day IST Austria presenting, May 31, 2015
    Open campus day IST Austria presenting, June 5, 2015

    Conferences and Workshops

    Vienna Region Plant Network Meeting, Feb 2015, Vienna, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
    Symposium “Pair, Share and Care: Chromosomes throughout Life”, Vienna, Sept 2015
    VBC PhD Symposium “Communication: let’s talk about it”, Nov 2015 Vienna Austria
    Vienna Region Plant Network Meeting, Nov 2015, Vienna Biocenter Campus
    “11th Microsymposium on Small RNAs” May 2016 Vienna Austria
    EMBO Workshop “New Model systems for early land plant evolution” June 2016 Vienna Austria
    “Tri-National Arabidopsis Meeting (TNAM)” Sept 2016 Vienna, Austria
    International Conference “Plant Organellar Signaling 2016” (http://www.plant-organellar-signaling.eu/)

    Selected Publications

    • DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation. Dubin MJ, Zhang P, Meng D, Remigereau MS, Osborne EJ, Paolo Casale F, Drewe P, Kahles A, Jean G, Vilhjálmsson B, Jagoda J, Irez S, Voronin V, Song Q, Long Q, Rätsch G, Stegle O, Clark RM, Nordborg M (2015) Elife 4:e05255.
    • “SnRK1-triggered switch of bZIP63 dimerization mediates the low-energy response in plants. Mair A, Pedrotti L, Wurzinger B, Anrather D, Simeunovic A, Weiste C, Valerio C, Dietrich K, Kirchler T, Nägele T, Vicente Carbajosa J, Hanson J, Baena-González E, Chaban C, Weckwerth W, Dröge-Laser W, Teige M (2015) Elife 05828.
    • How cells coordinate waste removal through their major proteolytic pathways. Martens S, Bachmair A (2015) Nat Cell Biol. 17(7):841-2.
    • Actin-dependent vacuolar occupancy of the cell determines auxin-induced growth repression. Scheuring D, Löfke C, Krüger F, Kittelmann M, Eisa A, Hughes L, Smith RS, Hawes C, Schumacher K, Kleine-Vehn J (2016) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 113(2):452-7.
    • Auxin regulates SNARE-dependent vacuolar morphology restricting cell size. Löfke C, Dünser K, Scheuring D, Kleine-Vehn J (2015) Elife 4. doi: 10.7554/eLife.05868.

    Major Funding Sources

    Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW)
    http://www.oeaw.ac.at/en/fellowship-funding/stipendien-preise/nachwuchsfoerderung-der-oeaw/
    Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG)
    http://www.ffg.at/en
    Austrian Science Fund (FWF) http://www.fwf.ac.at/en/
    European Union:
    Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp7/index_en.cfm
    European Research Council (ERC) http://erc.europa.eu/
    Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions http://ec.europa.eu/research/mariecurieactions/
    Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF)
    http://wwtf.at/index.php?lang=EN
    OeAD http://www.oead.at/projects_cooperations/EN/

  • Belgium Open or Close

    Moritz K. Nowack (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) VIB-Ghent University, Plant Systems Biology

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Arabidopsis research topics in Belgium include cell cycle regulation (D. Inzé, L. De Veylder), root and leaf growth and development (D. Inzé, T. Beeckman, G. Beemster, M. Van Lijsebettens, K. Vissenberg), oxidative stress and cell death (F. Van Breusegem, M. Nowack, P. Motte, H. Asard), genome annotation and evolution (S. Maere, Y. Van de Peer, P. Rouzé, K. Vandepoele), proteomics (G. De Jaegher, I. De Smet), tree biotechnology and bioenergy (W. Boerjan, B. Vanholme), cell biology (D. Geelen, D. Van Damme), hormone biology (D. Van Der Straeten , J. Russinova E., Prinsen, A. Goossens), carbohydrates (E. Van Damme, P. Van Dijck; F. Roland), membrane proteins (M. Boutry), abiotic stress (N. Verbruggen; C. Hermans, Y. Guisez; M. Hanikenne), flowering (C. Périlleux; P. Tocquin) and plant pathogen interaction (G. Angenon, B. Cammue, L. Gheysen; P. du Jardin, J. Vanderleyden, P. Delaplace, J. Dommes).

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Belgian Arabidopsis projects are funded by university-, regional-, federal-, or European-level grants, but not within calls specifically targeting this model plant species or plants.

    A Belgian national research project (IAP), coordinated by D. Inzé, focuses on how root and shoot influence each other and how this interaction contributes to the development of the plant. This program also involves T. Beeckman, F. Van Breusegem G. Beemster, L. De Veylder, M. Boutry, X. Draye, N. F. Chaumont, and C. Périlleux. Malcolm Bennett (Univ. Nottingham, UK) is an international partner in this project. For more information, see http://www.iuap-mars.be/.

    FWO (Research Foundation – Flanders) research grants were appointed to L. De Veylder to study DNA damage checkpoint control (in collaboration with I. De Smet), to F. Roland to study energy signalling, to F. Van Breusegem to study redox control of proteins, to E. Van Damme to study lectin-carbohydrate interactions, to Moritz Nowack to study programmed cell death in plant reproduction, and to D. Van Der Straeten to study mitochondrial editing factors.

    An F.R.S.-FNRS grant was appointed to C. Hermans to study mineral influences on root architecture.

    An ERC Starting Grant was obtained by Moritz Nowack for work on developmental programmed cell death in Arabidopsis roots (2015- 2020)

    An ERC Consolidator Grant was obtained by Daniel Van Damme for work on cell division control in Arabiodpis roots (2016- 2021)

    An Odysseus Group II grant was obtained by Bert De Rybel, to work on cellular patterning in Arabidopsis embryogenesis http://www.fwo.be/en/fellowships-funding/research-projects/odysseusprogramme/

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    There is a gradual move to other model species besides Arabidopsis, particularly crop species. Arabidopsis may remain the species of choice to pioneer new molecular genetics approaches due to its strengths as a small plant with short generation time that is easily transformable. Limitation however in applicability and possibilities to use when larger sample sizes are required (e.g. metabolomics, proteomics, biochemistry approaches are pretty much limited to whole plant level).

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    The Department of Plant Systems Biology (PSB) continuously develops and disseminates an exhaustive collection of destination vectors, designed for the functional analysis of genes in plant cells and compatible with the recombinational cloning Gateway technology (www.psb.ugent.be/gateway/).

    The Yield Booster website provides the scientific community with information on genes and molecular mechanisms that govern plant growth and productivity. Data on model plants (including Arabidopsis) as well as crops are presented (www.yieldbooster.org/).

    PLAZA is an access point for plant comparative genomics centralizing genomic data produced by different genome sequencing initiatives. It integrates plant sequence data and comparative genomics methods and provides an online platform to perform evolutionary analyses and data mining within the green plant lineage (http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/plaza/ugent.be/plaza/).

    Other developed resources include:

    • Platform for semi-automated kinematic analysis of growth in Arabidiospsis root tips and leaves
    • Phenotyping platforms
    • Metabolomics and Enzyme activity assays for antioxidant system.
    • VLeaf modelling platform based simulation models of Arabidopsis root tip and leaf growth.
    • A collection of adventitious rooting mutants
    • Marker lines for cell cycle, DNA stress, and meiosis specific events
    • Marker lines for developmental cell death


    Conferences and Workshops

    Selected Publications

    • Cyclic programmed cell death stimulates hormone signaling and root development in Arabidopsis. Xuan W, Band LR, Kumpf RP, Van Damme D, Parizot B, De Rop G, Opdenacker D, Möller BK, Skorzinski N, Njo MF, De Rybel B, Audenaert D, Nowack MK, Vanneste S, Beeckman T (2016) Science 351(6271):384-7.
    • ROTUNDA3 function in plant development by phosphatase 2A-mediated regulation of auxin transporter recycling. Karampelias M, Neyt P, De Groeve S, Aesaert S, Coussens G, Rolčík J, Bruno L, De Winne N, Van Minnebruggen A, Van Montagu M, Ponce MR, Micol JL, Friml J, De Jaeger G, Van Lijsebettens M (2016) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 113(10):2768-73.
    • The DELLA protein SLR1 integrates and amplifies salicylic acid- and jasmonic acid-dependent innate immunity in rice. de Vleesschauwer D, Seifi S, Filipe O, Haeck A, Nguyen Huu S, Demeestere K, Höfte MM (2016) Plant Physiol. pii: pp.01515.2015.
    • It’s Time for Some “Site”-Seeing: Novel Tools to Monitor the Ubiquitin Landscape in Arabidopsis thaliana. Walton A, Stes E, Cybulski N, Van Bel M, Iñigo S, Durand AN, Timmerman E, Heyman J, Pauwels L, De Veylder L, Goossens A, De Smet I, Coppens F, Goormachtig S, Gevaert K (2016) Plant Cell 28(1):6-16.
    • An improved toolbox to unravel the plant cellular machinery by tandem affinity purification of Arabidopsis protein complexes. Van Leene J, Eeckhout D, Cannoot B, De Winne N, Persiau G, Van De Slijke E, Vercruysse L, Dedecker M, Verkest A, Vandepoele K, Martens L, Witters E, Gevaert K, De Jaeger G (2015) Nat Protoc. 10(1):169-87.

    Major Funding Sources

    Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB; www.vib.be)
    European Union Framework Programs (cordis.europa.eu/)
    Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (www.belspo.be)
    Institute for the Promotion of Innovation by Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT; www.iwt.be)
    Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO; http://www.fwo.be/en/index.aspxbe/en/index.aspx)
    Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS; http://www.frs-fnrs.be)
    European Research Council (http://erc.europa.eu/)

  • Brazil Open or Close
    Wagner Araújo (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.); Adriano Nunes (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    There is currently a growing interest in using Arabidopsis as a model plant for research in Brazil.
    The groups working with Arabidopsis are distributed throughout the country in cities such as Brasília, Campinas, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Piracicaba, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Viçosa and Fortaleza.
    There is currently no dedicated Arabidopsis consortia or centers in Brazil, but Arabidopsis is commonly used by plant biologists as a model organism. Brazilian funding agencies funds a number of projects in which Arabidopsis is employed as a model; however, most of those projects presents also an applied version using crops of interest in Brazil.
    Research topics and research groups in Brazil include, among others: plant growth and development, biotic and abiotic stress responses, phytohormonal crosstalk and biology, cell signalling mechanisms, circadian rhythms, carbohydrate metabolism, micro RNA, plant-insect-pathogen interactions, mitochondrial metabolism and transport, plant senescence and chlorophyll catabolism, system biology, oxidative stress, plant cell wall,

    Current Arabidopsis Research Projects

    Camila Caldana, CTBE/CNPEM, Campinas: Regulation of plant growth by the target of rapamycin (TOR) pathway.
    Michel Georges Albert Vincentz, CBMEG-UNICAMP, Campinas: Define the architecture of the gene regulatory network related to AtbZIP63: an Arabidopsis thaliana bZIP type transcriptional factor invovled in the control of energetic homeostasis.
    Maria Magdalena Rossi, IB-USP, São Paulo: Manipulation of senescence and chlorophyll catabolism for yield and nutritional quality improvement.
    Márcio de Castro Silva Filho, ESALQ-USP, Piracicaba: Deciphering the molecular mechanisms involved in the localization of organelar proteins as well as the complex plant-insect-pathogen interactions.
    Daniel Scherer de Moura, ESALQ-USP, Piracicaba: AtRALF1 perception mechanisms: its receptors and the dissociation between ion fluxes and the negative regulation of celular expansion.
    Alessandra Alves de Souza, IAC, APTA, Cordeirópolis: Functional study of genes associated with plant defense to pathogens: focus on the control of Xylella fastidiosa, the causal agent of citrus variegated chlorosis
    Ivan de Godoy Maia, IB-Unesp, Botucatu: Plant uncoupling mitochondrial proteins: functional analysis employing RNA-seq and knockout mutants.
    Marcelo Mendes Brandao, CBMEG-UNICAMP, Campinas: System biology techniques applied to the agriculture: transcriptomes and interactomes analyses.
    Juan Armando Casas Mollano, IQ-USP, São Paulo: Functional characterization of the newly discovered family of MUT9 kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana and sugarcane.

    There are other researchers involved in several Arabidopsis projects that should be also mentioned:
    Paulo Mazzafera, IB-UNICAMP, Campinas
    Celso Benedetti, LNBio/CNPEM, Campinas
    Fabio Tebaldi Nogueira, ESALQ-USP, Piracicaba
    Hana Masuda, UFABC, São Bernardo
    Marcelo Menossi, IB/UNICAMP, Campinas
    Marco Aurelio Zezzi Arruda, IQ-UNICAMP, Campinas
    Marcelo Dornelas, IB- UNICAMP, Campinas
    Ione Salgado, IB- UNICAMP, Campinas
    Carlos Hotta, IQ-USP, São Paulo
    Adriano Nunes-Nesi (UFV, Viçosa)
    Elizabeth B. Fontes (UFV, Viçosa)
    Wagner L. Araújo (UFV, Viçosa)
    Thomas Willians (UnB, Brasília)
    Márcia Margis (UFRGS, Porto Alegre)
    Luis Fernando Revers (EMBRAPA, Bento Gonçalves)
    Paulo Cavalcanti Gomes Ferreira (UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro)
    Adriana Hemerly (UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro)

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    It is important to mention that research in Brazil is only starting to use Arabidopsis and other species are usually employed, particularly crop species. There is a gradual increase in the usage of Arabidopis as a model plant to molecular and genetic studies due to its power.
    Although funding in Brazil is available through several calls, it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain funding for basic research, particularly to finance Arabidopsis research, given that the general trend is a more supportive program for applied research.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    This is still an area that needs to be developed in Brazil.

    Conferences and Workshops

    The International Plant Molecular Biology Congress was held in Iguazu Falls, Brazil, in October 25th - 30th, 2015
    XV Brazilian Congress of Plant Physiology/I Brazil-Israel Plant Science Conference, was held in Iguazu Falls, Brazil in September 28th - October 2nd 2015

    Selected Publications

    AIP1 is a novel Agenet/Tudor domain protein from Arabidopsis that interacts with regulators of DNA replication, transcription and chromatin remodeling. Brasil JN, Cabral LM, Eloy NB, Primo LMF, Barroso-Neto IL, Grangeiro LPP, Gonzalez N, Inzé D, Ferreira PCG, Hemerly AS (2015) BMC Plant Biology 15: 1-21
    Overexpression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) induces a hypoxic response in Nicotiana tabacum leaves. Barreto P, Okura V, Pena IA, Maia R, Maia IG, Arruda P (2016) Journal of Experimental Botany 67: 301-13
    Revisiting the Non-Animal Peroxidase Superfamily. Trends in Plant Science. Lazzarotto F, Turchetto-Zolet AC, Margis-Pinheiro M (2015) 20: 807-13
    The ASYMMETRIC LEAVES Complex Employs Multiple Modes of Regulation to Affect Adaxial-Abaxial Patterning and Leaf Complexity. Husbands AY, Benkovics AH, Nogueira FTS, Lodha M, Timmermans MCP (2015) The Plant Cell 27: 3321-35
    TOR Signaling and Nutrient Sensing. Dobrenel T, Caldana C, Hanson J, Robaglia C, Vincentz M, Veit B, Meyer C (2016) Annual Review of Plant Biology 67: 261-85

    Major Funding Sources

    Major fundings agencies in Brazil include:
    National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq-Brazil)
    Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES-Brazil)
    Foundation for Research Assistance of the Sao Paulo (FAPESP-Brazil)
    Foundation for Research Assistance of the Rio de Janeiro State (FAPERJ-Brazil)
    Foundation for Research Assistance of the Rio Grande do Sul State (FAPERGS-Brazil)
    Foundation for Research Assistance of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG-Brazil)

  • Canada Open or Close
    Dario Bonetta (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Ontario - Institute of Technology, Ontario

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Approximately 55 groups conduct varied research with Arabidopsis in Canada.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Funding for Arabidopsis research is largely from NSERC, one of the three federal funding agencies in Canada. Basic research in plant biology continues to be underfunded. Indeed, compared to non-plant applicants to NSERC, plant biology has seen a steady decrease in funding since 2009 (personal communication David Guttman, University of Toronto).

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Bio-Analytic Resource for Plant Biology (BAR; http://bar.utoronto.ca) hosted by the Department of Cell and Systems Biology, University of Toronto.
    Centre for the Analysis of Genome Evolution and Function (CAGEF), Department of Cell and Systems Biology, University of Toronto.

    Selected Publications

    • 50 years of Arabidopsis research: highlights and future directions. Provart NJ, Alonso J, Assmann SM, Bergmann D, Brady SM, Brkljacic J, Browse J, Chapple C, Colot V, Cutler S, Dangl J, Ehrhardt D, Friesner JD, Frommer WB, Grotewold E, Meyerowitz E, Nemhauser J, Nordborg M, Pikaard C, Shanklin J, Somerville C, Stitt M, Torii KU, Waese J, Wagner D, McCourt P (2016) New Phytol. 209(3):921-44.
    • Structure-function analysis identifies highly sensitive strigolactone receptors in Striga. Toh S, Holbrook-Smith D, Stogios PJ, Onopriyenko O, Lumba S, Tsuchiya Y, Savchenko A, McCourt P (2015) Science. 350(6257):203-7.
    • PARASITIC PLANTS. Probing strigolactone receptors in Striga hermonthica with fluorescence. Tsuchiya Y, Yoshimura M, Sato Y, Kuwata K, Toh S, Holbrook-Smith D, Zhang H, McCourt P, Itami K, Kinoshita T, Hagihara S (2015) Science. 349(6250):864-8.

    Major Funding Sources

    Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) (http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca)
    Genome Canada (http://www.genomecanada.ca/en/)

  • Chile Open or Close
    Francisca Blanco-Herrera (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Centro de Biotecnología Vegetal, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago; Rodrigo Gutiérrez (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    • Centro de Biotecnología Vegetal, UNAB, Santiago (http://cbv.unab.cl/)
    • Centro de Biotecnología Vegetal, Universidad de Chile, Santiago
    • Centro de Ciencia y Biotecnología Vegetal PUC, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago (http://agronomia.uc.cl/centros-unidades-y-laboratorios/cecibuc)
    • Millennium Nucleus in Plant Systems and Synthetic Biology, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago (http://www.genomicavegetal.cl/ )
    • Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago
    • Laboratorio de Bioingeniería, Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago
    • Center for Applied Ecology and Sustainability, Santiago
    • Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Talca, Talca (http://biologia.utalca.cl/index.html)

     

    Patricio Arce’s lab is interested in viral spread and the effect of viral infections in plants, employing Arabidopsis and the most important fruit plant in Chile, Vitis vinifera. Using functional genetics methods they could identify genes affected by the infection, and are currently looking for the key regulators of the plant response.

    Holuigue’s lab goal is to better understand plant defense mechanisms in response to stress, particularly Salicylic Acid (SA) functions using Arabidopsis. They could identify and functionally characterize SA-induced defense genes, and study the mechanism how SA induces their expression.

    Rodrigo Gutierrez’ lab goal is to understand how nitrogen signaling intersects with other signaling networks to control plant growth and development. This is essential to improve nitrogen use efficiency in plants or the amino acid content of seeds, important issues for health, agriculture and human nutrition.

    Xavier Jordana’s lab studies mitochondrial RNA editing. Their goal is to contribute to the characterization of a large gene family encoding nuclear factors (PPR proteins) controlling the specificity of the 400 Arabidopsis editing sites, via isolation of mutant plants and analysis of editing defects.

    Josefina Poupin’s group focuses in obtaining new insights into the mechanisms underlying the enhancement of salt-stress tolerance in the salt-sensitive Arabidopsis Col-0 plants, when inoculated with the PGPR strain Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN.

    Felipe Aquea’s lab focuses on GCN5, an important histone acetyltransferase required for gene expression involved in many developmental pathways in plants and animals. They could identify a set of potential direct target genes of AtGCN5 through a combination of ChIP-Seq and genome-wide transcriptional profiling usingRNA-seq.

    Francisca Blanco’s lab studies signaling pathways associated to endoplasmic reticulum stress during plant-pathogen interaction. They are especially focused on SA signaling pathways involved in plant responses to bacterial infection.
    Ariel Orellana’s lab studies regulation of polysaccharides biosynthesis in the Golgi Apparatus. They could identify some Arabidopsis proteins sharing molecular characteristics with Nucleotide Sugar Transporters (NSTs) from other organisms, transporting GDP sugars. They focus on determining the substrate specificity of these NSTs via transient expression in plants, stable over-expression in Arabidopsis and insertional mutant lines.

    Gabriel León’s lab studies the molecular mechanisms that regulate the development and function of pollen grain.

    Lorena Norambuena’s lab focuses on endocytosis. Using chemical biology, they have described a lateral root formation mechanism in Arabidopsis induced by endocytic trafficking via a mechanism distinctive from auxin-driven promotion of lateral root formation.

    Michael Handford’s lab is interested in the study of Arabidopsis sugar alcohol metabolism. By using reverse genetics, they identified AtSDH, which oxidizes sorbitol, and characterized atsdh- mutants to be more resistant to drought stress.

    Pablo Figueroa’s lab studies the connection between Jasmonate and abiotic stress such as high salinity, a relationship not well understood at cellular and molecular levels. They investigated JA signaling activation by NaCl and its effect on primary root growth, and found that JA-responsive JAZ genes were upregulated by salt stress in a COI1-dependent manner.

    Javier Canales’ lab focuses on the molecular mechanisms underlying plant response to nutrients, specifically on their complex interactions in metabolic pathways.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Rodrigo Gutiérrez. Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Early Career Scientist. Fondecyt grant (2014-2018), funded by Conicyt. FONDAP Center for Genome Regulation (http://www.genomacrg.cl/), funded by Conicyt (2016-2020). Millennium Nucleus Center for Plant Systems and Synthetic Biology (www.genomicavegetal.cl), funded by ICM (2015-2017).

    Michael Handford. “Sorbitol synthesis and its role in abiotic stress tolerance in non-Rosaceae species”. Sponsored by Fondecyt 1140527, Anillo ACT-1110 (2014-2018).

    Francisca Blanco. “Adaptive response to salt stress, mediated by salicylic acid in Arabidopsis thaliana”. Funded by Núcleo UNAB 590 DI-590-14/N (2014-2016).

    Felipe Aquea. Sponsored by FONDECYT 11130567, CAPES FB-002-2014, Millennium Nucleus NC130030 (2014-2017).

    Gabriel León. Funded by Fondecyt 1120766 and UNAB DI-74-12/R (2013-2016).

    Loreto Holuigue. “Study of the Mechanisms that Regulate Salicylic Acid Levels and Functions in the Redox Modulation of Defense Responses Against Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Arabidopsis”. Funded by Conicyt FONDECYT 1141202, (2014-2018).

    Xavier Jordana. “Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Function in Plants: Insights into the Role of Respiratory Complex II, Sirtuins and Pentatricopeptide Repeat Proteins”. Funded by Conicyt (2014-2018).

    Pablo Figueroa. “Elucidating Molecular Links Involved in the Crosstalk Between Salt-Elicited Responses and Jasmonate Signaling Pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana Roots”. Funded by Conicyt (2012-2016).

    Ariel Orellana. “The role of the UDP-rhamnose transporters in the biosynthesis of rhamnogalacturonan -I and -II in Arabidopsis thaliana”. FONDECYT 1151335. Funded by Conicyt (2014-2018).

    Javier Canales. “Uncovering gene regulatory networks involved in the crosstalk between sulfur and nitrogen nutrition in Arabidopsis thaliana”. FONDECYT 11150070. Funded by Conicyt (2015-2019).

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Our research community is very small as can be easily deduced from the previous section. However, the few groups are very active in research and training. The main research focus is on metabolism and responses to environmental cues (abiotic and biotic). In many instances, there are close ties to the Chilean industry and research groups use Arabidopsis and some other plant model systems that are of interest to the local economy (e.g. grapes, fruit trees). We believe this will continue to be the case in coming years with not much space to grow in terms of number of independent groups or topics. The recent changes in funding higher education (plan for gratuity in most Universities) has created much uncertainty and major research Universities in the country are not investing or expanding at the moment. Chile is also suffering major changes in the way Science and Technology is conducted at the government level, which introduces uncertainties. It is difficult to foresee how research will change in the upcoming years as a result of these changes. For example, the President recently announced creation of the Ministry for Science and Technology. How this will impact science research direction and funding possibilities is unknown at this stage, but we certainly all hope it will be for the best.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Constructing simple biological networks for understanding complex high-throughput data in plants Moyano TC, Vidal EA, Contreras-López O, Gutiérrez RA (2015) Methods Mol Biol. 1284:503-26.
    In this chapter, the authors provide detailed methods for users without prior knowledge of bioinformatics to construct gene networks and derive hypotheses that can be experimentally verified. Step-by-step instructions for acquiring, integrating, analyzing, and visualizing genome-wide data are provided for two widely used open source platforms, R and Cytoscape. The examples provided are based on Arabidopsis data, but the protocols presented should be readily applicable to any organism for which similar data can be obtained.

    Outreach Activities

    • “Lectures On the Cell Wall”. Guests: Dr. Helen North (INRA de Versailles, France), Dr Marie- Christine Ralet (INRA de Nantes, France). Organizers: Dr. Ariel Orellana, Dr. Susana Saez-Aguayo (Universidad Andres Bello), 24-26 November, 2015.
    • International Meeting “Plant Stress and Sustainable Agriculture”. Guests: Dr. Serge Delrot, Dr. Tierry Candresse, Dr. Philippe Galluschi, Dr. Dominique Rolin, Dr. Alain Blanchard (University of Bordeaux), Dr. Alan Bennett, Dr. Dario Cantú (University OF CALIFORNIA – DAVIS). Organizers: Dr. Patricio Arce (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile), 30 June, 2015.
    • Seminar “A systems approach to improved root traits”. Guest: Dr. Philip Benfey (DUKE University, USA).Organizer: Dr. Rodrigo Gutierrez (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile), 21 January, 2016.
    • Seminar “Diversity Seek (Divseek): An International Partnership to Harness the Genetic Potential of Crop Diversity”. Guest: Dr. Ruth Bastow (Director of The Global Plant Council). Organizer: Dr. Rodrigo Gutierrez (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile), 3 November, 2015.

    Conferences and Workshops

    "First Meeting of the Chilean Society of Plant Biologist" (X Chilean Plant Biology Meeting). Valdivia, Chile, 2-5 December, 2015.
    As it is now a tradition, the conference consists of sessions ranging across plant sciences: Systems and Synthetic Biology, Cell and Developmental Biology, Breeding and Genetics, Biotic/Abiotic Stress, Ecophysiology and Metabolism. Attendees comprise primarily students, young scientists and faculty from major Universities and research institutes in Chile. Nearly 180 M.Sc. or Ph.D. students are among the participants who with their great enthusiasm and hard work will be the future world leaders of our research field.
    Guests: Natasha Raikhel (UC Riverside, USA), Zhenbiao Yang (UC Riverside, USA), Dan Klessig (Cornell University, USA), Ian Fergusson (Plant and Food Research, New Zeland), Jose Quero Garcia (INRA, France)
    Organizers: Chilean Society of Plant Biologist

    Selected Publications

    • The Calcium Ion Is a Second Messenger in the Nitrate Signaling Pathway of Arabidopsis. Riveras E, Alvarez JM, Vidal EA, Oses C, Vega A, Gutiérrez RA (2015) Plant Physiology169(2):1397-404.
    • Transcriptional networks in the nitrate response of Arabidopsis thaliana. Vidal EA, Álvarez JM, Moyano TC, Gutiérrez RA (2015) Curr Opin Plant Biol. 27:125-32. 
    • The UDP-glucose: glycoprotein glucosyltransferase (UGGT), a key enzyme in ER quality control, plays a significant role in plant growth as well as biotic and abiotic stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Blanco-Herrera F, Moreno AA, Tapia R, Reyes F, Araya M, D’Alessio C, Parodi A, Orellana A (2015) BMC Plant Biol. 15:127.
    • The dynamic of the splicing of bZIP60 and the proteins encoded by the spliced and unspliced mRNAs reveals some unique features during the activation of UPR in Arabidopsis thaliana. Parra-Rojas J, Moreno AA, Mitina I, Orellana A (2015) PLoS One 10(4):e0122936.
    • Male sterility in Arabidopsis induced by overexpression of a MYC5-SRDX chimeric repressor. Figueroa P, Browse J (2015) Plant J. 2015 Mar;81(6):849-60. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12776.

    Major Funding Sources

    http://www.conicyt.cl
    http://www.iniciativamilenio.cl/
    http://www.corfo.cl
    http://www.fia.cl

  • Czech Republic Open or Close
    Viktor Žárský (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Charles University, Department of Exp. Plant Biol. and Inst. of Exp. Bot. Acad. Sci. of the Czech Rep. Prague

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    In the Czech republic Arabidopsis research is focused mostly on the three major areas - cell biology, plant growth regulators biology, developmental biology and cytogenetics/genome biology. Traditional centers of experimental plant research exist at the universities and institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

    • In Brno:

    Masaryk University - https://www.muni.cz/sci/314010
    Mendel University - http://ubfr.af.mendelu.cz/en/?lang=en
    Institute of Biophysics - http://www.ibp.cz/en/
    “Central European Institute of Technology (CEITEC)” (http://www.ceitec.eu/) in Brno includes big units devoted to genomics and proteomics of plant systems used for studies in cell and developmental biology and cytogenomics.

    • In Olomouc:

    Palacky university in Olomouc - http://www.prf.upol.cz/en/menu/departments/
    Institute of Experimental Botany - http://www.ueb.cas.cz/en
    “Centre of the Region Hana for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research” (http://www.cr-hana.eu/en/index.html) in Olomouc combines researchers from Palacky University, Crop Research Institute (VURV) and Institute of Experimental Botany ASCR with many links with the commercial sphere.

    • In České Budějovice:

    Institute of Plant Molecular Biology - http://www.umbr.cas.cz/

    • In Prague:

    Institute of Experimental Botany - http://www.ueb.cas.cz/en
    Charles University in Prague - http://kfrserver.natur.cuni.cz/english/index.html

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Arabidopsis research in the Czech Republic is funded mostly on the individual grants basis. In 2014 the Department of Experimental Plant Biology at the Charles University was granted a “Centre of plant experimental biology, Charles University” project supported by the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic. In 2015 twenty seven projects using Arabidopsis as a model were funded by the Czech Science Foundation (GACR). Among the biggest ones there were:

    • “Study of the phosphorylation in Katanin1 and microtubules severing in Arabidopsis”
    • “Molecular mechanisms controlling homeostasis of plant growth regulatory compound auxin”
    • “Global proteomic analysis of temperature perception in Arabidopsis and its interaction with cytokinin signalling”
    • “Role of gama-tubulin in the coordiantion of microtubuli nucleation and cytokinesis with the DNA damage in plants”
    • “Role of formins in plant cell morphogenesis”
    • “Structural and functional components of plant telomeres”
    • “Elucidating molecular mechanisms of cytokinin-ethylene crosstalk in the plant development”
    • “Impact of temperature and photosynthetically active radiation on dynamics of regulation of photosystem II function in higher plants”
    • “Deciphering of molecular mechanisms of light and hormonal signalling integration in plant development”.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Plant research infrastructure development was funded by the EU funds over the last several years and Arabidopsis-driven research is well established and important in the Czech Republic, supported both by the CSF and the Ministry of Education. It is expected that in coming years Arabidopsis research in Czech epublic will be further stably well supported mostly on the individual projects basis.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    BRNO - CEITEC - Central European Institute of Technology
    Proteomics Core Facility (http://www.ceitec.eu/ceitec-mu/proteomics-core-facility/z8)

    The Core Facility is part of Czech National Affiliated Centre of INSTRUCT. All CEITEC core facilities are available to external users (academia and companies). Czech and international researchers from universities and research institutes interested in accessing core facilities can benefit from support of CEITEC – open access project funded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic.

    Outreach Activities

    OLOMOUC - “Centre of the Region Hana for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research” using Arabidopsis as a fundamental research model, also includes The Department of Genetic Resources for Vegetables, Medicinal and Special Plants CRI and keeps a broad collection of genetic resources of vegetables (9,245 accessions), medicinal, aromatic and culinary plants (MAPs, 828 accessions) traditionally grown in Central Europe and a collection of fungi (mainly morel).
    http://www.cr-hana.eu/en/research-and-development/research-programs/genetic-resources-of-vegetables-and-special-crops/

    Selected Publications

    • Lack of Phosphatidylglycerol Inhibits Chlorophyll Biosynthesis at Multiple Sites and Limits Chlorophyllide Reutilization in Synechocystis sp Strain PCC 6803. Kopecna J, Pilny J, Krynicka V, Tomcala A, Kis M, Gombos Z, Komenda J, Sobotka R (2015) Plant Physiology 169(2): 1307-17
    • Genome Structure of the Heavy Metal Hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens and Its Stability on Metalliferous and Nonmetalliferous Soils. Mandakova T, Singh V, Kramer U, Lysak MA (2015) Plant Physiology 169(1): 674-89
    • The Arabidopsis mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 is associated with -tubulin on microtubules, phosphorylates EB1c and maintains spindle orientation under nitrosative stress. Kohoutova L, Kourova H, Nagy SK, Volc J, Halada P, Meszaros T, Meskiene I, Bogre L, Binarova P (2015) New Phytologist 207(4):1061-74
    • Cell Wall Maturation of Arabidopsis Trichomes Is Dependent on Exocyst Subunit EXO70H4 and Involves Callose Deposition. Kulich I, Vojtikova, Z, Glanc M, Ortmannova J, Rasmann S, Zarsky V (2015) Plant Physiology 168(1):120-31
    • Homology-dependent repair is involved in 45S rDNA loss in plant CAF-1 mutants. Muchova V, Amiard S, Mozgova I, Dvorackova M, Gallego ME, White C, Fajkus J (2015) Plant Journal 81(2):198-209

    Major Funding Sources

    Both major funding agencies for basic research - Czech Science Foundation (GACR) and Ministry of Education of CR (MSMT CR) - support regularly projects based on the use of Arabidopsis as a model plant. Both institutions support also bilateral projects with selected countries.

  • Denmark Open or Close
    Michael Palmgren (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Copenhagen, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Arabidopsis research in Denmark primarily takes place at University of Copenhagen. Arabidopsis research is also carried out at University of Aarhus. Copenhagen Plant Science Centre (CPSC) is a new initiative at University of Copenhagen scheduled to be completed in 2017. CPSC will be rooted in the Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences and will include up-to-date facilities for Arabidopsis research.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    There are no dedicated Arabidopsis consortia or centers in Denmark, but Arabidopsis is commonly used by plant biologists as a model organism. The Danish National Research Foundation funds a number of major Centers of Excellence. In two such centers Arabidopsis is employed as a model organism: Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and disease (Pumpkin; plant work directed by Prof. Michael Palmgren) and Center for Dynamic Molecular Interactions (Dynamo; directed by Prof. Barbara Ann Halkier).

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    In Denmark it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain funding for basic research on Arabidopsis as the general trend is shifting towards supporting applied research.

    Selected Publications

    • A phospholipid uptake system in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Poulsen LR, López-Marqués RL, Pedas PR, McDowell SC, Brown E, Kunze R, Harper JF, Pomorski TG, Palmgren M (2015) Nat Commun. 6:7649
    • Retromer contributes to immunity-associated cell death in Arabidopsis. Munch D, Teh OK, Malinovsky FG, Liu Q, Vetukuri RR, El Kasmi F, Brodersen P, Hara-Nishimura I, Dangl JL, Petersen M, Mundy J, Hofius D (2015) Plant Cell 27(2):463-79
    • The bifurcation of the cyanogenic glucoside and glucosinolate biosynthetic pathways. Clausen M, Kannangara RM, Olsen CE, Blomstedt CK, Gleadow RM, Jørgensen K, Bak S, Motawie MS, Møller BL (2015) Plant J. 84(3):558-73
    • The glucosinolate biosynthetic gene AOP2 mediates feed-back regulation of jasmonic acid signaling in Arabidopsis. Burow M, Atwell S, Francisco M, Kerwin RE, Halkier BA, Kliebenstein DJ (2015) Mol Plant. 8(8):1201-12
    • Simple and robust determination of the activity signature of key carbohydrate metabolism enzymes for physiological phenotyping in model and crop plants. Jammer A, Gasperl A, Luschin-Ebengreuth N, Heyneke E, Chu H, Cantero-Navarro E, Großkinsky DK, Albacete AA, Stabentheiner E, Franzaring J, Fangmeier A, van der Graaff E, Roitsch T (2015) J Exp Bot. 66(18):5531-42
  • Finland Open or Close
    Michael Wrzaczek (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Division of Plant Biology, Department of Biosciences, Viikki Plant Science Centre, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Research concentrating on Arabidopsis is carried out at several universities in Finland with two main centres at the Universities of Helsinki and Turku.

    Research at the University of Helsinki focuses on plant stress responses and plant development. Research projects address the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as signaling molecules in plants, the role of transcription factors in the stress response, receptor and receptor-like kinase signaling, plant stem cell maintenance, root development, plant-pathogen interactions, as well as the role of the proteasome in the regulation of flowering. Groups in Helsinki are also exploiting the natural variation of Arabidopsis thaliana to identify new regulators of stress tolerance. A saturating mutant screen is currently being carried out with the goal to identify components in early stomatal signaling downstream of apoplastic ROS. Identification of ozone-sensitive mutants is followed by analysis of their gas-exchange parameters. Causative mutations are being identified by genome resequencing. The flower-related ubiquitin proteasome system project is currently characterizing a collection of about 100 Arabidopsis T-DNA mutants using the new phenotyping facility (http://blogs.helsinki.fi/nappi-blog/). In the future the research will be extended towards plant pathogen interactions in the flower and also towards translational approaches using crop species. The receptor-ligand signaling group is aiming to integrate plant biochemistry and physiology with evolutionary analysis to facilitate translational research using Arabidopsis as a tool to provide insights into complex gene families for subsequent application in crops.
    Research at the University of Turku is centered on stress signaling and photosynthesis. Projects address the role of protein kinases and protein phosphatases as well as the regulation of photosynthesis and the integration of the chloroplastic light harvesting machinery into cell- and plant-wide signaling networks.

    The Centre of Excellence (CoE) “Molecular Biology of Primary Producers” (2014-2019) funded by the Academy of Finland brings together groups from Turku and Helsinki in order to combine expertise on plant development, stress signaling and photosynthesis. While several plant species and also cyanobacteria are being used Arabidopsis continues to be the most important model for the fundamental research carried out within the Centre of Excellence.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence “Molecular Biology of Primary Producers” (2014-2019) directed by Prof. Eva-Mari Aro (University of Turku) as chair and Prof. Jaakko Kangasjärvi (University of Helsinki) as vice-chair.
    Dr. Ari Pekka Mähönen (University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology): Stem cell dynamics in Arabidopsis root cambium (2013-2018). Funded by the Academy of Finland.
    Dr. Michael Wrzaczek (University of Helsinki, Department of Biosciences): Understanding peptide ligands and their receptors in plants (2014-2019). Funded by the Academy of Finland.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    In Helsinki, the Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS) has been established with 31 PIs, 208 researchers and 9.1 million € funding in 2015. While ViPS encompasses research on plants in general, Arabidopsis is one of the core tools used by most research teams to address fundamental questions and unravel molecular mechanisms. Plant Science has been named as a focus and marketing area of the new HiLife centre, with ViPS used as an example of an excellent and successful research program. A plant biology master’s degree with heavy involvement of ViPS will begin in the autumn of 2017. The vision of ViPS is to attract internationally visible top level researchers; to stimulate multidisciplinary research environments; to participate in research and infrastructure core facilities also outside the University; to take an active role in post-graduate education. Research on Arabidopsis or using Arabidopsis as a tool continues to be a major factor in Finnish plant science. Efforts include translation of knowledge from Arabidopsis towards tree research. As many research groups at ViPS use Arabidopsis as their model species there is a heavy emphasis on Arabidopsis research in the Doctoral Programme in Plant Sciences and Arabidopsis continues to be the primary model system to address fundamental research questions in all levels of education.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    A community resource based on the saturating mutant screen for novel components in early stomatal signaling downstream of apoplastic ROS will available by the end of 2016.

    The group of Ari-Pekka Mähönen has created a new multi-site gateway system for easy construction of inducible cell-type specific expression constructs for Arabidopsis (Siligato et al., 2016).

    Work on the phenotypic analysis of a mutant collection for cysteine-rich receptor-like kinases (Bourdais et al., 2015) has led to the creation of a software package for the analysis of heterogenous phenotypic data. This will be available as a package for the programming language R during 2016 from Dr. Jarkko Salojärvi (Salojärvi & Wrzaczek, in preparation).

    A phenomics facility has been built at the Viikki campus of the University of Helsinki (http://blogs.helsinki.fi/nappi-blog). This high throughput facility is part of a National Plant Phenotyping Infrastructure that also includes a high precision unit at the University of Eastern Finland. The Viikki facility will accommodate tools for morphological and physiological analysis of Arabidopsis by imaging (fluorescence and thermal).

    Outreach Activities

    Plant biology groups working with Arabidopsis at the University of Helsinki have started to introduce school classes to molecular plant biology in spring 2016.
    Outreach activities have been done towards high school students on scientific career choice and towards general public on genetically improved organisms.

    Conferences and Workshops

    • The 11th Finnish Plant Science Days (Kasvitieteen Päivät). University of Turku, Turku, Finland. May 25-26, 2016
    • The biannual Finnish-Japanese plant science meeting will be held in autumn 2016 in Finland
    • The National Plant Phenotyping Infrastructure will arrange Nordic meetings and a winter school in “Current challenges in plant phenotyping”

    Selected Publications

    Finnish researchers contributed to 36 publications referring to Arabidopsis from 2015 according to Pubmed.

    • MultiSite Gateway compatible cell type-specific gene inducible system for plants. Siligato R, Yadav SR, Ma G, Lehesranta S, Ma G, Ursache R, Sevilem I, Zhang J, Gorte M, Prasad K, Wrzaczek M, Heidstra R, Murphy A, Scheres B, Mähönen AP (2016) Plant Physiology 170(2):627-641.
    • Integration of photosynthesis, development and stress as an opportunity for plant biology. Allahverdiyeva Y, Battchikova N, Brosché M, Fujii H, Kangasjärvi S, Mulo P, Mähönen AP, Nieminen K, Overmyer K, Salojärvi J, Wrzaczek M (2015) New Phytologist 208(3):647-655.
    • Large-scale phenomics identifies primary and fine-tuning roles for CRKs in responses related to oxidative stress. Bourdais G, Burdiak P, Gauthier A, Nitsch L, Salojärvi J, Rayapuram C, Idänheimo N, Hunter K, Kimura S, Merilo E, Vaattovaara A, Oracz K, Kaufholdt D, Pallon A, Anggoro DT, Glów D, Lowe J, Zhou J, Mohammadi O, Puukko T, Albert A, Lang H, Ernst D, Kollist H, Brosché M, Durner J, Borst JW, Collinge DB, Karpinski S, Lyngkjaer M, Robatzek S, Wrzaczek M, Kangasjärvi J (2015) PLoS Genetics 7(11):e1005373.
    • Quantitative trait loci mapping and transcriptome analysis reveal candidate genes regulating the response to ozone in Arabidopsis thaliana. Xu E, Vaahtera L, Horak H, Hincha DK, Heyer AG, Brosché M (2015) Plant Cell & Environment 38(7):1418-33.
    • Light acclimation involves dynamic re-organization of the pigment-protein megacomplexes in non-appressed thylakoid domains. Suorsa M, Rantala M, Mamedov F, Lespinasse M, Trotta A, Grieco M, Vuorio E, Tikkanen M, Järvi S, Aro EM (2015) Plant Journal 84(2):360-373.

    Major Funding Sources

    Academy of Finland (http://www.aka.fi)
    University of Helsinki (http://www.helsinki.fi/university)
    Finnish Cultural Foundation (http://www.skr.fi)

  • France Open or Close
    Catherine Perrot-Rechenmann (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), CNRS Saclay Plant Sciences Labex, Gif sur Yvette; Loïc Lepiniec (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Saclay Plant Sciences LaBex, Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, INRA, Versailles

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, located in Orsay France, was created by restructuring several Plant Biology Institutes associated with 3 universities (Paris-Sud, University of Evry and Paris-Diderot), the CNRS and INRA. IPS2 aims to better understand the molecular mechanisms controlling plant growth and their responses to biotic and abiotic stresses while developing a continuum from fundamental to translational research in Plant Sciences.

    Current research focuses on the analysis of model plants using multidisciplinary approaches (from genomics, bioinformatics to biochemistry, genetics and physiology) and 3 plant-dedicated platforms with expertise in transcriptomics and RNA sequencing, metabolomics, and translational biology, including TILLING mutant collections of diverse crop species (tomato, Brachypodium distachyon, melon and cucumber). Among the projects to transfer the knowledge obtained from Arabidopsis to crop species are: improving biomass by manipulating metabolic pathways/rate-limiting enzymes, improving root architecture to improve nutrient uptake and drought resistance, improving pathogen resistance by manipulating MAPK signalling.

    We wish all the best to this newly created Plant Institute.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Research organizations such as CNRS, INRA or CEA provide regular funding to affiliated research laboratories in addition to payment of salaries of permanent researchers and technicians.

    The French national research agency, ANR (http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/en/about-anr/about-the-french-national-research-agency/), provides funding for project-based research. Main applications based on social issues are not appropriate to support fundamental research in general, including in plant biology. Funding on Arabidopsis projects is constantly decreasing, which severely affects research activities of French labs.
    Fundamental research might, however, be taken into account again for coming grants as announced by the French government.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    The Arabidopsis thaliana Stock Centre at INRA Versailles continuously makes available T-DNA insertion mutants, natural accessions, RIL populations or nearly isogenic lines to the scientific community (http://www-ijpb.versailles.inra.fr/en/plateformes/cra/index.html).

    Two high-throughput automated phenotyping platforms, PHENOSCOPE at Versailles (contact O. Loudet, http://www.ijpb.versailles.inra.fr/en/plateformes/ppa/index.html) and PHENOPSIS at Montpellier (contact C. Granier, www1.montpellier.inra.fr/ibip/lepse/english/ressources/phenopsis.htm) are available to the community to grow up to 750 or 500 Arabidopsis plants, respectively, under fully controlled environment. PHENOPSIS DB is an information system providing comprehensible resources for the analysis of genotype x environment interactions in Arabidopsis thaliana (http://bioweb.supagro.inra.fr/phenopsis/Accueil.php?lang=En). A French plant phenomic network named PHENOME is also dedicated to high throughput phenotyping for crops (https://www.phenome-fppn.fr/phenome_eng/).

    Outreach Activities

    The Scientific Group of Interest “Plant Biotechnologies” (GIS BV, http://www.gisbiotechnologiesvertes.com/en/presentation-du-gis-bv) is build on a large public-private partnership community, which gathers public research institutes (including work performed on model plants as Arabidopsis), seed companies, technical institutes, sector representatives, and competitive clusters.

    Conferences and Workshops

    The 26th edition of the International Conference on Arabidopsis Research (ICAR 2015) took place in Paris from 5th to 9th of July 2015. The meeting was organized by the French Society of Plant Biologists (SFBV, http://sfbv.snv.jussieu.fr/) with the scientific and organisational assistance of members of the Saclay Plant Sciences Laboratory network of excellence (SPS LabEx, http://www6.inra.fr/saclay-plant-sciences). ICAR 2015 was a great success with up to 1054 registrations, scientists coming from 38 distinct countries from all over the world.

    Selected Publications

    • Primary transcripts of microRNAs encode regulatory peptides. Lauressergues D, Couzigou JM, Clemente HS, Martinez Y, Dunand C, Bécard G, Combier JP (2015) Nature 520(7545):90-3. doi: 10.1038/nature14346.
    • Plants Encode a General siRNA Suppressor That Is Induced and Suppressed by Viruses. Shamandi N, Zytnicki M, Charbonnel C, Elvira-Matelot E, Bochnakian A, Comella P, Mallory AC, Lepere G, Saez-Vasquez J, and Vaucheret H (2015) PLoS Biol 13, e1002326.
    • A receptor pair with an integrated decoy converts pathogen disabling of transcription factors to immunity. Le Roux C, Huet G, Jauneau A, Camborde L, Trémousaygue D, Kraut A, Zhou B, Levaillant M, Adachi H, Yoshioka H, Raffaele S, Berthomé R, Couté Y, Parker JE, Deslandes L (2015) Cell 161(5):1074-88. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.04.025.
    • A mechanically sensitive cell layer regulates the physical properties of the Arabidopsis seed coat. Creff A, Brocard L, Ingram G (2015) Nat Commun. 6:6382. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7382.
    • OCTOPUS Negatively Regulates BIN2 to Control Phloem Differentiation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Anne P, Azzopardi M, Gissot L, Beaubiat S, Hématy K, Palauqui JC. (2015) Curr Biol. 25(19):2584-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.08.033.

    Major Funding Sources

    ANR, thematic calls organized in societal issues (http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/en/funding-opportunities/)

    Investissement d’avenir (PIA 1 and 2 in progress) by Ministère de l’Education nationale, de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche (http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid55892/comprendre-le-programme-investissements-d-avenir.html)

    European fundings: ERC (http://erc.europa.eu/funding-and-grants), Marie-Curie research programmes (http://ec.europa.eu/research/mariecurieactions/) and EMBO (http://www.embo.org/funding-awards)

  • Germany Open or Close
    Klaus Harter (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.); Marília K. F. de Campos (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Tübingen, Tübingen

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Arabidopsis research in Germany is performed in all corners of the country and this wide distribution also reflects the high diversity of topics explored by German scientists. The major sites hosting Arabidopsis researchers are Universities, Max Planck Institutes, Helmholtz Centers and Leibniz Institutes.

    In order to maintain and enhance collaborations and communication, German Arabidopsis researchers count on the coordinating activities of the ‘Arabidopsis Functional Genomics Network’ (AFGN). Established in 2001 following the completion of the Arabidopsis genome sequencing, the AFGN was funded by the German Science Foundation (DFG) until 2010. Today the AFGN operates under the umbrella of the German Botanical Society (DBG) and its actions include the maintenance of a mailing list for advertising events, job postings, inquiries on seeds, plasmids and resources, as well as any other topic of interest for the plant community in Germany and Europe. A newly designed website has been recently launched and contains a complete description of the AFGN efforts in promoting interactions among German researchers (http://www.dbg-afgn.de/).

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The Arabidopsis functional genomics research is supported by German and European organizations. The DFG is the major funding body via several instruments exemplified below. In 2013 the DFG awarded Klaus Harter with a 3-year grant for the MASC/AFGN coordinator to be finalized in mid June 2016. German Arabidopsis researchers are also funded via grants awarded by the European Research Council (ERC), Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions, as well as from private initiative.

    Individual Funding

    Currently the DFG provides funding to a total of 191 individual projects concerning Arabidopsis research. Of these, 7 are funded by the Emmy Noether Programme, 2 by the Heisenberg Programme, 7 are research fellowships and 175 are individual research grants.

    Priority Programmes

    Arabidopsis researchers are involved in 3 priority programmes.

    • SPP 1710 (since 2014) Dynamics of thiol-based redox switches in cellular physiology
    • SPP 1529 (since 2011) Evolutionary plant solutions to ecological challenges: molecular mechanisms underlying adaptive traits in the Brassicaceae s.l.
    • SPP 1530 (since 2011) Flowering time control: from natural variation to crop improvement

    Collaborative Research Centers

    Arabidopsis researchers are involved in 13 collaborative research centers, out of which 3 mainly focus on Arabidopsis.

    • SFB 1101 (since 2014) Molecular encoding of specificity in plant processes
    • SFB 973 (since 2012) Priming and memory of organismic responses to stress
    • SFB 648 (since 2005) Molecular mechanisms of information processing in plants

    Research Training Groups

    • GRK 2064 (since 2015) Water use efficiency and drought stress responses: from Arabidopsis to Barley
    • GRK 1525 (since 2009) The dynamic response of plants to a changing environment

    Research Units

    • FOR 948 (since 2009) Nitrogen uptake, metabolism and remobilization in leaves during plant senescence
    • FOR 1186 (since 2009) Photorespiration: Origins and metabolic integration in interacting compartments
    • FOR 964 (since 2008) Calcium signaling via protein phosphorylation in plant model cell types during environmental stress adaption
    • FOR 1061 (since 2008) Dynamic storage functions of plant vacuoles during cold and osmotic stress
    • FOR 804 (since 2007) Retrograde signalling in plants

    European Research Council

    The ERC currently funds 11 Arabidopsis research projects in Germany, comprising of 4 Advanced Grants, 2 Consolidator Grants and 5 Starting Grants

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Outreach Activities

    The PLANT2030 initiative from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) fosters research projects within public-private partnerships. Two Arabidopsis related projects are listed below.

    • PLANT-KBBE IV NESTOR (2014-2017): Nematode susceptibility targets for a durable resistance
    • PLANT-KBBE IV (2014-2017): Control of the abiotic stress response in plants by DELLA proteins and chemicals

    German institutions are very active in communicating plant science to the general public. Max Planck Institutes, for instance, offer guided tours, events and informative booklets for people of all ages. Some examples are listed below.

    Conferences and Workshops

    • Deutsche Botanikertagung, Munich, 30 August - 3 September, 2015 (http://botanikertagung2015.de/)
    • Tri-National Arabidopsis Meeting (TNAM) biannual conference, hosted by colleagues from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 10th TNAM, Vienna, Austria, 14-16 September, 2016
    • Conference Molecular Biology of Plants, Dabringhausen (http://pflanzen-molekularbiologie.de/):

    29th Conference, 23-26 February 2016
    28th Conference, 24-27 February 2015

    Selected Publications

    German Arabidopsis researchers were involved in 494 publications since last year’s report (search at NCBI using “Arabidopsis”[All Fields] AND “Germany”[Affiliation] AND “2015/05/01”[Date - Publication] : “3000”[Date - Publication]). Highlights are listed below.

    • Endler A, Kesten C, Schneider R, Zhang Y, Ivakov A, Froehlich A, Funke N, Persson (2015) A Mechanism for Sustained Cellulose Synthesis during Salt Stress. Cell 162(6):1353-64.
    • Albert I, Böhm H, Albert M, Feiler CE, Imkampe J, Wallmeroth N, Brancato C, Raaymakers TM, Oome S, Zhang H, Krol E, Grefen C, Gust AA, Chai J, Hedrich R, Van den Ackerveken G, Nürnberger T (2015) An RLP23-SOBIR1-BAK1 complex mediates NLP-triggered immunity. Nature Plants 1(10):15140.
    • Wagner S, Behera S, De Bortoli S, Logan DC, Fuchs P, Carraretto L, Teardo E, Cendron L, Nietzel T, Füßl M, Doccula FG, Navazio L, Fricker MD, Van Aken O, Finkemeier I, Meyer AJ, Szabò I, Costa A, Schwarzländer M (2015) The EF-Hand Ca2+ Binding Protein MICU Choreographs Mitochondrial Ca2+ Dynamics in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 27:3190-212.
    • Bai Y, Müller DB, Srinivas G, Garrido-Oter R, Potthoff E, Rott M, Dombrowski N, Münch PC, Spaepen S, Remus-Emsermann M, Hüttel B, McHardy AC, Vorholt JA, Schulze-Lefert P (2015) Functional overlap of the Arabidopsis leaf and root microbiota. Nature 528(7582):364-9
    • Kriegel A, Andrés Z, Medzihradszky A, Krüger F, Scholl S, Delang S, Patir-Nebioglu MG, Gute G, Yang H, Murphy AS, Peer WA, Pfeiffer A, Krebs M, Lohmann JU, Schumacher K (2015) Job Sharing in the Endomembrane System: Vacuolar Acidification Requires the Combined Activity of V-ATPase and V-PPase. Plant Cell 27(12):3383-96.

    Major Funding Sources

    Major funding source for Arabidopsis research is the German Science Foundation (DFG) (http://www.dfg.de/en/). Contact: Catherine Kistner (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

  • Greece Open or Close
    Polydefkis Hatzopoulos (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), Agricultural University of Athens, Athens

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece

    Polydefkis Hatzopoulos (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Dimitra Milioni (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Stamatis Rigas (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Dimitris Tsitsigianis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

    Angelos Kanellis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Konstantinos Vlachonasios (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Emmanouil Panteris (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

    Kosmas Haralampidis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Andreas Rousiis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    University of Crete, Crete, Greece

    Kriton Kalantidis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    Mediterannean Agronomic Institute of Chania, Chania, Crete, Greece

    Panagiotis Kalaitzis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
    Technological University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Georgios Banilas (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Arabidopsis still remains the model species used as reference to validate gene regulatory networks of crop species that are difficult to work with. The knowledge gained from Arabidopsis can be applied on agronomically important crops like olive trees, tomato, grapes and peaches etc.

    Arabidopsis research is mainly focused on the following topics:

    • The role of HSP90 and Pescadillo-like proteins on plant development
    • Organellar biogenesis
    • Protein trafficking and signal transduction
    • The interplay between potassium transport and auxin homeostasis
    • Molecular and functional characterization of genes encoding WD40 and Armadillo domain proteins
    • Role of selenium binding proteins in Arabidopsis development and during abiotic stress

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Funding resources for research activities are significantly reduced having a major impact on basic research grants related to Arabidopsis. However, there is a general trend to shift towards other model species apart from Arabidopsis that may attract the interest of industrial partners.

    Conferences and Workshops

    37th Hellenic Society for Biological Science (EEBE) meeting. Volos, Greece

    Selected Publications

    • Transcriptional profiling unravels potential metabolic activities of the olive leaf non glandular trichome. Koudounas K, Manioudaki ME, Kourti A, Banilas G, Hatzopoulos P (2015) Front Plant Sci. 6(633).
    • A defence-related Olea europaea β-glucosidase hydrolyses and activates oleuropein into a potent protein cross-linking agent. Koudounas K, Banilas G, Michaelidis C, Demoliou C, Rigas S, Hatzopoulos P (2015) J Exp Bot. 66(7): 2093-106.
    • RNAi-mediated silencing of the Arabidopsis thaliana ULCS1 gene, encoding a WDR protein, results in cell wall modification impairment and plant infertility. Beris D, Kapolas G, Livanos P, Roussis A, Milioni D, Haralampidis K (2016) Plant Sci. 245:71-83.
    • Potassium transporter TRH1 subunits assemble regulating root-hair elongation autonomously from the cell fate determination pathway. Daras G, Rigas S, Tsitsekian D, Iacovides TA, Hatzopoulos P (2015) Plant Sci. 231:131-7.
    • Brassinosteroid nuclear signaling recruits HSP90 activity. Samakovli D, Margaritopoulou T, Prassinos C, Milioni D, Hatzopoulos P. (2014) New Phytol. 203(3):743-57.

    Major Funding Sources

    Grants from the European Union
    State Scholarships Foundation (IKY) (www.iky.gr)
    General Secretariat for Research and Development (GSRT), HELLENIC REPUBLIC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS (www.gsrt.gr)
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Special Account for Research Grants, (http://www.elke.uoa.gr/)

  • India Open or Close
    Jitendra P. Khurana (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi, India; Ramamurthy Srinivasan (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, IARI, New Delhi, India

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    In India, the number of groups working on Arabidopsis is steadily increasing. The major areas of research include regulation of organ development, patterning, plant pathogen interaction, abiotic stress, light, hormone and sugar signaling. Some of the important centres working on Arabidopsis are CCMB, Hyderabad; IISc, Bangalore; NIT, Durgapur; University of Delhi South Campus; NIPGR, New Delhi; NRCPB, New Delhi; JNU, New Delhi; IHBT, Palampur; IISER, Thiruvanathapuram; IISER, Mohali; IISER, Bhopal; IIT, Roorkee; NCBS, Bangalore; NISER, Bhubaneswar.
    Most of the funding for these projects comes in the form of competitive grants from Government agencies like the Department of Biotechnology, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, and the Department of Science and Technology, all based in New Delhi.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    There are several ongoing projects, most of them are sanctioned for a 3-year duration and in some cases for 5 years. Additionally, some ongoing projects are funded by the respective institutes in-house. Only the projects that have been approved in the past one year are listed below.

    • Prof. Sudip Chattopadhyay (NIT, Durgapur); Investigation of functional interrelations of bZIP transcription factors: ZBF2/GBF1, HY5 and HYH of light signaling pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. Funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India; Under the scheme: JC Bose National Fellowship; 2016-2021.
    • Dr. Sourav Datta (IISER, Bhopal); Molecular approach to enhance soil phosphate extraction by plants and reduce the application of fertilizers. Funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India; Under the scheme: Innovative Young Biotechnologists Award (IYBA); 2015-2018.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    The future of Arabidopsis research in India looks bright. Looking at the influx of young faculty, availability of funds from different governmental agencies and the quality of publications in recent years, bodes well for Arabidopsis research in India.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Ravi Maruthachalam at IISER, Thiruvanthapuram, is pursuing centromeric histone H3 (CEN H3) based haploid induction system to answer a variety of questions. He is exploiting natural variation in Arabidopsis accessions available for in vivo haploid induction. In A. thaliana, genome elimination frequently occurs in the offspring of two individuals that carry different versions of CEN H3. The genomic rearrangements observed in the Arabidopsis plants are similar to those observed in several human cancer and other genetic diseases. Ravi’s group has shown that Arabidopsis could serve as a useful model system for studying these genome rearrangements and provide useful information on these human disorders.

    Dr. Ananda Sarkar’s group at NIPGR, New Delhi, has described a method to solate both high quality RNA and miRNAs from LCM-derived embryonic root apical meristematic tissue, which is both efficient as well as cost-effective. This has been accomplished by modifying and improving the tissue fixation, processing, sectioning and RNA isolation steps that involves minimal use of kits. (Sci Rep. 2016; 6:21577. doi: 10.1038/srep21577).

    Outreach Activities

    In addition to researchers working on Arabidopsis exclusively, there are many other laboratories that use Arabidopsis as a model system for gene function validation of the heterologous genes from crop plants like rice, wheat and pea. The resources available are shared with those who wish to start the programme a fresh using Arabidopsis as a system. Some of the genes identified based on work done on Arabidopsis for agronomically important traits like flowering time and root architecture are being tested in crop plants like tomato, rice and Brassica. The financial support for such projects is received from Governmental funding agencies.

    A few of the college teachers engaged in imparting training to undergraduate students have also shown interest in using Arabidopsis mutants to explain their utility in understanding the regulation of plant development by endogenous cues like hormones and external signals like light.

    Conferences and Workshops

    One of the important conferences held in India where Arabidopsis research was discussed in many presentations was the “3rd International Plant Physiology Congress: Challenges and Strategies in Plant Biology Research” held at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, India, during December 11-14; It was jointly organized by the Indian Society of Plant Physiologists, JNU and NIPGR, New Delhi, and also supported by the American Society of Plant Biologists, USA. A large number of foreign and Indian delegates participated; number of participants in fact exceeded 600. Another meeting exclusively focused on Arabidopsis was the “Arabidopsis Research Conference 2016” that was held during March 20–22, 2016 at the IISER, Mohali. This meeting was attended by the majority of the researchers working on Arabidopsis in India. Presentations were made by the group leaders as well as young students and post-doctoral fellows. A couple of delegates from the UK and Australia also participated in this conference.

    Selected Publications

    • Salt-Induced remodeling of spatially restricted clathrin-independent endocytic pathways in Arabidopsis root. Baral A, Irani NG, Fujimoto M, Nakano A, Mayor S, Mathew MK (2015) Plant Cell 27: 1297-315.
    • Divergence in patterns of leaf growth polarity is associated with the expression divergence of miR396. Das Gupta M, Nath U (2015) Plant Cell 27(10):2785-99.
    • Interaction of MYC2 and GBF1 results in functional antagonism in blue light mediated Arabidopsis seedling development. Maurya JP, Sethi V, Gangappa SN, Gupta N, Chattopadhyay S (2015) Plant Journal 83:439-50.
    • Multiple interactions between glucose and brassinosteroid signal transduction pathways in Arabidopsis are uncovered by whole-genome transcriptional profiling. Gupta A, Singh M, Laxmi A (2015) Plant Physiology 168(3): 1091-105.
    • Calcineurin B-like protein-interacting protein kinase CIPK21 regulates osmotic and salt stress responses in Arabidopsis. Pandey GK, Kanwar P, Singh A, Steinhorst L, Pandey A, Yadav AK, Tokas I, Sanyal SK, Kim BG, Lee SC, Cheong YH, Kudla J, Luan S (2015) Plant Physiology 169(1):780-92.

    Major Funding Sources

    Additional Information

    In addition to the information previously provided, below some of other work is highlighted.

    Ashis Nandi’s lab at JNU, New Delhi works on salicylic acid (SA) signaling and systemic acquired resistance (SAR). Using transcriptome profile of a constitutive SA signaling mutant, his group has identified a zinc finger protein that promotes SA signaling in both NPR1-dependent and –independent pathways.

    Ashverya Laxmi’s lab at NIPGR, New Delhi, has contributed towards understanding the role of sugars as a signaling molecule in regulating plant growth and development. In the past year, they have shown interaction between glucose and brassinosteroid in regulation of lateral root development in Arabidopsis.

  • Israel Open or Close
    Sigal Savaldi-Goldstein (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Arabidopsis research is conducted in different labs located in six major research centers and universities: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv University, the Weizmann Institute of Science, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Agriculture Research Organization/Volcani Center and the Technion.

    Areas of research include plant physiology, biochemistry, development and genomics.

    Three new Arabidopsis research labs were established by young PIs:

    • Dr. Yariv Brotman, Ben-Gurion University (project leader, Max Planck Institute, Golm, Germany)
    • Dr. Idan Efroni, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (postdoctoral training: the lab of Kenneth Birnbaum, NYU, US)
    • Dr. Roy Weinstain, Tel Aviv University (postdoctoral training: the lab of Roger Tsien, UCSD, US)
    • Dr. Assaf Zemach , Tel Aviv University (postdoctoral training: the lab of Daniel Zilberman, UC Berkeley US)

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The Israeli Centers of Research Excellence (I-CORE) program is aimed at fundamentally strengthening the long term positioning of Israel’s academic research, promote national and international research collaborations, and to assist in the recruitment of new excellent researchers, by the gradual establishment of “Centers of Excellence” – leading research centers specializing in innovative and groundbreaking research in a range of fields.
    The I-CORE PLANT ADAPTATION TO CHANGING ENVIRONMENT, includes Arabidopsis and crop research, brings together plant biologists and computer scientists with the following research approaches:

    • Deciphering the genetic and epigenetic factors affecting short- and long-term (trans-generational) phenotypic plasticity and adaptation to environmental changes
    • Elucidating the mechanisms underlying the interactions of the environment with intrinsic developmental programs, and the role of phytohormones in stress responses
    • Elucidating the key factors regulating plant metabolism and catabolism under stress with focus on the switch-points driving cell death versus cell vitality
    • Dynamics of cell structures (cell wall, membranes, organelles, and protein complexes) and their role in stress responses
    • Laying a foundation for a computational perspective of plant behavior under a changing environment, and predictions of selected genetic and environmental perturbations that will bring the plant to a desired metabolic or functional state

    (http://www.icore-plants.tau.ac.il/); Effective funding, until 2021.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Tel Aviv University will establish a school for Plant Sciences and Food security, demonstrating the university commitment to the promotion of plant sciences research at the university.

    Outreach Activities

    Summer Course 2015: Plant Signaling in Changing Environment

    Conferences and Workshops

    Canada-Israel Workshop on Plant Biology and Agriculture in the 21st Century, Ottawa, 2-4 November, 2015
    Plant Stress: Student Organised Conference at the Weizmann Institute, 17 February, 2016

    Selected Publications

    About 60 research articles employing Arabidopsis were published since the beginning of 2015 and until March 2016.

    Major Funding Sources

    The Israel Science Foundation (ISF). (http://www.isf.org.il/english/)
    Chief Scientist. Israel Ministry of Agriculture.

  • Italy Open or Close
    Maura Cardarelli (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.),IBPM-National Research Council (CNR), c/o Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Biology and Biotecnology, Rome

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Several Italian groups continue to utilize Arabidopsis as a model organism for plant biology research and their results are published in high impact journals. Work is mainly performed in individual laboratories; however networks and collaborations are common. Facilities for growth, handling and analysis of Arabidopsis are often shared among groups.Research is mainly focused on root, flower and hypocotyl development, seed germination, characterization of the signalling pathways involved in oligogalacturonides-mediated resistance, ion homeostasis mechanisms and plant response to environment.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research has funded several Arabidopsis projects (2013-2016), including a large network project entitled “The control of plant root growth: a systems biology approach”, whose partners are I. Ruberti (IBPM-CNR, Rome), C. Tonelli (University of Milan), Emanuele De Paoli (University of Udine), Luisa Di Paola (Università Campus Biomedico, Roma), Eugenia Schininà (Sapienza University, Rome), S. Sabatini/P. Costantino (Sapienza University, Rome). This project is coordinated by Paolo Costantino.

    The Italian Ministry has funded a project (PRIN 2014-2017) on “Genetic and epigenetic control of ovule number and fertility in Arabidopsis”. Coordinator: Lucia Colombo.
    A collaboration funded by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is continuing between the Italian laboratories of M. Cardarelli/G. Serino/P. Costantino (CNR/Sapienza University) and the Japanese laboratories of T. Tsuge/M. Matsui (Kyoto Univ./Riken). The goal is to find common regulatory networks controlling stamen and hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis.

    A research project entitled: “Cross-talks between reactive Oxygen Species, jasmonates and lipid peroxidation during root formation in response to heavy metals and metalloids and fungus infection” is currently funded by Sapienza University of Rome.

    Additional funding comes from the EU: ERC grants have been awarded to S. Sabatini/P. Costantino and F. Cervone/G. deLorenzo, and from MC-IRSES - International research staff exchange scheme (IRSES), “The physiology and genetics of fruit formation: from genes to networks” (FRUIT-look) FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES, Coordinator: UNIMI Italy. Participants: Sweden (SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET) and Spain (AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS). Period: 2014-2017.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Several groups have participated in the call from the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (PRIN 2015) and are applying for international and national grants.However, Arabidopsis research in Italy is getting very limited support, as compared to research on crops. Future work will focus on the continuation of the main research projects while many groups are seeking fundings for applied research on species other than Arabidopsis.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    S. Sabatini/P. Costantino group has developed a mathematical model simulating the role of the hormone cytokinin on the position of the transition zone, the boundary were root cell lose their capacity to divide and start differentiating.

    M. Kater/L. Colombo group have developed a protocol for laser micro-dissection of reproductive meristems coupled to RNA sequencing and for ChIP-sequencing of transcription factors related to flower development.

    M. Galbiati has developed synthetic promoters for the spatio-temporal control of gene expression in guard cells.

    Outreach Activities

    Several Arabidopsis researchers from Milan and Rome were involved in planning and organizing the ‘Fascination of Plants’ day under the umbrella of EPSO (European Plant Science Organisation) in May 18, 2015.

    The group of Ida Ruberti participates in the project Promotion of consumer health of the National technological cluster Agrifood.
    M. Kater/L. Colombo have a strong outreach program related to flower, fruit and seed development in the frame European Researcher’s night (Meet me Tonight).

    Conferences and Workshops

    • 59th Annual Congress of the Italian Society of Agricultural Genetics “Feeding the planet: plant science and breeding for the future of agriculture”. Milano, September 8-11, 2015, (included a session at World Expo 2015)
    • 109th Conference of the Italian Society of Botany-International Plant Science Conference (IPSC) - with the patronage of World Expo 2015, Pavia, September 14-18, 2015
    • C. Tonelli was the organizer of the International Conference “Water and Food Security. The role of Science in Food Security and Environmental Sustainability” held in Venice, May 6-7, 2015

    Selected Publications

    • Plant immunity triggered by engineered in vivo release of oligogalacturonides, damage-associated molecular patterns. Benedetti M, Pontiggia D, Raggi S, Cheng Z, Scaloni F, Ferrari S, Ausubel FM, Cervone F, De Lorenzo G (2015) PNAS (USA) 112 (17) 5533-8.
    • The COP9 SIGNALOSOME is required for postembryonic meristem maintenance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Franciosini A, Moubayidin L, Du K, Matari NH, Boccaccini A, Butera S, Vittorioso P, Sabatini S, Jenik PD, Costantino P, Serino G (2015) Mol Plant 8:1623-34.
    • Cadmium-inducible expression of the ABC-type transporter AtABCC3 increases phytochelatin-mediated Cd tolerance in Arabidopsis. Brunetti P, Zanella L, De Paolis A, Di Litta D, Cecchetti V, Falasca G, Barbieri M, Altamura MM, Costantino P, and Cardarelli M (2015) J Exp Bot 66(13):3815-29.
    • Changing the spatial pattern of TFL1 expression reveals its key role in the shoot meristem in controlling Arabidopsis flowering architecture. Baumann K, Venail J, Berbel A, Domenech MJ, Money T, Conti L, Hanzawa Y, Madueno F, Bradley D (2015) J Exp Bot. 66(15):4769-80.
    • The Arabidopsis RNA-binding protein AtRGGA regulates tolerance to salt and drought stress. Ambrosone A, Batelli G, Nurcato R, Aurilia V, Punzo P, Bangarusamy DK, Ruberti I, Sassi M, Leone A, Costa A, Grillo S (2015)Plant Physiol. 168(1):292-306.

    Major Funding Sources

  • Japan Open or Close
    Minami Matsui (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) and Keiko Sugimoto (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Coordinated projects continuing in 2015/2016:

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute (http://www.kazusa.or.jp/e/) Laboratory of Plant Genomics and Genetics, Plant DNA Analysis Group, Metabolomics Team, Bioresources team, Biomass Team. Genome Informatics Group developed the portal site Plant Genome DataBase Japan PGDBj (http://pgdbj.jp) integrating databases related to plant omics studies. Manually curated literature information on DNA markers of 55 plants.

    RIKEN National Science Institute - Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) (http://www.csrs.riken.jp/en/)CSRS (Director Kazuo Shinozaki), established in 2013 to conduct basic research and also seek out, identify, and work for solutions for critical scientific, technical and social issues with special focus on Green Innovation, as well as sustainable production of energy and resources. CSRS integrates plant scientists, chemists and chemical biologists. Chemists and plant biologists from its Biomass Engineering Research Division (BMEP) (http://www.csrs.riken.jp/en/labs/bepcd/) focus on applied research through interdisciplinary innovation for plant biomass production and renewable chemical materials and bioplastics. Besides Arabidopsis, the program uses Brachypodium as a model of grass biomass.

    RIKEN National Science Institute - BioResource Center (BRC) (http://epd.brc.riken.jp/en/), (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)The Experimental Plant Division (Masatomo Kobayashi) collects, preserves and distributes plant resources developed in Japan. The project is funded by the Japanese government through the National BioResource Project (NBRP, http://www.nbrp.jp/index.jsp). The Arabidopsis resources in RIKEN BRC include seeds (mutants, transgenic lines, and natural accessions), DNA materials (full-length cDNA and TAC clones), and cultured cells (T87 and At wt cell lines). The center also distributes full-length cDNA clones and cultured cells of model plants such as rice, Brachypodium distachyon and tobacco to the international research community.

    AIST Advanced Industrial Science and Technology National Institute - BioProduction Research Institute (https://unit.aist.go.jp/bpri/) Plant research includes studies of plant gene regulation, plant molecular biology, plant biotechnology, biomaterial production, and genetic resources. Plant Gene Regulation Research Group (Nobutaka Mitsuda, Sumire Fujiwara, and Masaru Ohme-Takagi) (http://bit.ly/1QIwEjP) focuses on study of plant transcription factors and related molecules and techniques. Group developed CRES-T gene-silencing and other technologies for functional analysis and engineering of important traits in model and economic plants.

    WPI ITbM (http://www.itbm.nagoya-u.ac.jp/) World Premier International Research Center (WPI) Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM) of Nagoya University is the first MEXT WPI institute to study plant science. Ambitious full-scale collaboration between synthetic chemists, plant and animal biologists, and theoreticians led by Director Kenichiro Itami, Vice-director Tetsuya Higashiyama and others.

    Integrative system of autonomous environmental signal recognition and memorization for plant plasticity (http://www.rs.tus.ac.jp/plantmemory/en/) Project goal to clarify distributed response of cells and tissues of plants and determine how plants control such information through plant unique whole-organism dynamic signal transduction system in response to environmental stimuli. Scientific Research on Innovative Areas MEXT Grant-in Aid Project FY2015-2019. Multi-organization representative: Toshinori Kinoshita, ITbM/Nagoya University.

    Multidimensional Exploration of Logics of Plant Development (MEXT) (2013-2017) (http://bit.ly/1TyA7Fg) Project to delineate systems coordinating intercellular and intracellular signals, functions of key differentiation genes, and control of metabolism, under combined efforts of 9 core research groups, 4 supporting facilities/teams, and 18 research groups (2013-2015) using multiple model species. Four facilities/teams assist in metabolomics, use of an Arabidopsis thaliana transcription factor library, development of a new model system, Marchantia polymorpha, and mathematical modeling. Multidisciplinary collaborative approach will explore unprecedented research directions. Led by Hirokazu Tsukaya.

    The Plant Cell Wall as Information Processing System (2012-2017) (https://www.plantcellwall.jp/en/) Program goal to elucidate molecular processes for information processing and self-regulation capabilities of the cell wall by understanding molecular mechanisms by which land plants sense and interact with environment via information processing systems in cell walls. Led by Kazuhiko Nishitani, Tohoku University. Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas from MEXT.

    Creation of fundamental technologies contribute to the elucidation and application for the robustness in plants against environmental changes” Started 2015, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (JST-CREST) (http://bit.ly/1TyzoDT) coordinated with PRESTO (Sakigake). Goal to establish environmentally-adaptive-plant design systems for stable food supply in age of climate change via highly precise quantitative analysis of environmental response mechanisms of plants, modeling of plant environmental response mechanisms, and evaluation of plant characters modified by sophisticated reconstruction of genes or genotype. Led by Satoshi Tabata (Kasuza DNA Research Inst.)

    Creation of essential technologies to utilize carbon dioxide as a resource through the enhancement of plant productivity and the exploitation of plant products. Started in 2011, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (JST-CREST) (http://bit.ly/1pbVdMH). Goal to create basic technologies to use plant photosynthetic functions and biomass that will enable efficient carbon dioxide utilization. Led by Akira Isogai (Nara Institute of Science and Technology)

    JST-ALCA Japan Science and Technology Agency - Advanced Low Carbon Technology Research and Development Program (http://www.jst.go.jp/alca/en/index) provides competitive funding for research up to ten year period in biotechnology, chemical and energy processes and systems, materials.

    JST-NSF “Metabolomics: Advancing the Scientific Promise to Better Understand Plant Specialized Metabolism for a Low-Carbon Society” (http://1.usa.gov/1LVBpaI), research led by Lloyd W. Sumner (The Samuel Roberts Nobel Foundation) and K. Saito (RIKEN), Oliver Fiehn (Univ. of California at Davis) and M. Arita (NIG).

    ERATO Higashiyama Live-Holonics Project (2010-2016) (http://www.liveholonics.com/en/) headed by T. Higashiyama, Nagoya University. Project studies intercellular signaling in multicellular organisms with complete control of cells and molecules under microscope by developing new live-cell analysis technologies.

    Japan Advanced Plant Science Research Network (http://www.psr-net.riken.jp/) started in 2011-2017. Program’s nine centers of excellence in universities and research institutes support plant research for green innovation.

    NC-CARP Network of Centers of Carbon Dioxide Resource Studies in Plants (http://nc-carp.org/index) Program in GRENE; Green Network of Excellence. Organizer: Hiroo Fukuda. Started in 2011, ending in 2016. Aims at innovation of plant biomass technology by collaboration among Plant Science, Agriculture, Engineering and Chemistry, and education of this new area.

    DREB project: Application of Arabidopsis stress-related genes to molecular breeding of drought tolerant rice and wheat supported by MAFF and JIRCAS; (http://bit.ly/227H1Tp) (Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki U. Tokyo, Kazuo Shinozaki RIKEN, others of IRRI, CIAT, CIMMYT, Embrapa) After identifying and applying DREB genes in Arabidopsis, DREB gene function in stress tolerance were recognized as well conserved in any important crops. Project develops stress-tolerant soybean, rice and wheat.

    East Asia Science and Innovation Area Joint Research Program (e-ASIA) (http://bit.ly/1P30g72) JST-NSTDA (Thailand)-MOST (Vietnam) on “Biomass and Plant Science”. Research led by Motoaki Seki (RIKEN CSRS). Ham Huy Le (Institute of Agricultural Genetics) and Jarunya Narangajavana (Mahidol University).

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute

    Kazusa Metabolomics Database (KOMICS) web portal to databases, tools and other information was developed through plant metabolomics studies of Daisuke Shibata, including integration of transcriptome and metabolome data on metabolic maps, a plant metabolome database, co-expressed gene search tools and regulatory network research. (http://www.kazusa.or.jp/komics/en/)

    AIST Bioproduction Research Institute, Gene Regulation Research Group

    CRES-T was applied to more than 1,600 Arabidopsis transcription factors and most T2 seeds were harvested individually. For transcriptional repressors, the group produced more than 300 VP16-fused constructs and harvested individual T2 seeds. The group also prepared Gateway entry clones of ca. 2,000 transcription factors (without stop codon) in collaboration with M. Matsui group in RIKEN. The group developed yeast one-/two-hybrid library using the entry clones and established high-throughput screening system. (http://bit.ly/1QIwEjP)

    RIKEN National Science Institute - BioResource Center (BRC)

    SABRE2: database connecting plant EST/Full-Length cDNA Clones with Arabidopsis information. Plant resources with homologous genes are searched, together with related TAIR gene models and annotations, by specifying a Resource ID, a TAIR AGI code or a keyword. All SABRE resources available from core facilities of Japan NBRP (National BioResource Project) (http://bit.ly/1RYOkI3)

    RIKEN National Science Institute - Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS)

    • Metabolome platform using GC-MS, LC-MS, CE-MS and NMR (Kazuki Saito, Masami Hirai, Jun Kikuchi, Tetsuya Sakurai). CSRS established the Arabidopsis metabolomics platform (http://prime.psc.riken.jp/), consisting of mass spectrometry-based untargeted metabolomics, mass spectrometry-based widely-targeted metabolomics, and NMR-based metabolomics.
    • Hormonome platform and RIKEN Plant Hormone Research Network: (Hitoshi Sakakibara, Mitsunori Seo)CSRS established highly sensitive high-throughput phytohormone quantification platform consisting of mass spectrometry-based technology. Platform is conducting a wide range of collaborative research in plant hormone biology (http://hormones.psc.riken.jp/)
    • Transcriptome platform using next generation sequencers. RIKEN ACCC and IMS (Motoaki Seki, Keiichi Mochida, Minami Matsui, Takaho Endo, Piero Carninci, Kazuo Shinozaki)
    • Proteome platform: Plant Phosphoproteome Database (RIPP-DB) CSRS (Hirofumi Nakagami, Ken Shirasu) and Keio University (Yasushi Ishihama, Naoyuki Sugiyama) High-throughput shotgun phosphoproteomics tool for plants and phosphorylation site databases (http://bit.ly/224sjjk) (http://pepbase.iab.keio.ac.jp)
    • Phenome platform RIKEN Activation tagging lines Database and Full-length-cDNA- overexpressing (FOX)Arabidopsis lines (M. Matsui) (http://bit.ly/1WdrX2Z), Rice FOX Arabidopsis line Database (http://ricefox.psc.riken.jp/), RIKEN Arabidopsis Genome Encyclopedia II (RARGE II) integrated phenotype database of Arabidopsis mutant traits using controlled vocabulary (Takashi Kuromori, T. Sakurai, K. Shinozaki) (http://rarge-v2.psc.riken.jp/)
    • The Chloroplast Function Database II (Fumiyoshi Myouga, K. Shinozaki) Comprehensive database analyzed by combining genotypic and phenotypic multiparametic analysis of Arabidopsis tagged-lines for nuclear-encoded chloroplast proteins. (http://rarge.psc.riken.jp/chloroplast/)
    • Analysis of small Open Reading Frame (Kousuke Hanada, M. Matsui, M. Seki) They identified ~8,000 sORFs with high coding potential in intergenic regions of the Arabidopsis genome (http://bit.ly/1P2YUt6)
    • MassBank (Masanori Arita, Takaaki Nishioka, K. Saito) Public repository of mass spectral data for sharing spectra among research communities. The data is useful for chemical identification and structure elucidation of metabolites detected by mass spectrometers. (http://www.massbank.jp/en/about.html)
    • PosMed Positional Medline (Y. Makita, N. Kobayashi, T. Toyoda) Semantic web association study (SWAS) search engine ranks resources including Arabidopsis genes and metabolites, using associations between user-specified phenotypic keywords and resources connected directly or inferentially via a semantic web of biological databases such as MEDLINE, OMIM, pathways, co-expressions, molecular interactions and ontology terms (http://omicspace.riken.jp/)
    • High-throughput genome-wide biochemical analysis using wheat germ cell-free-based protein array technology. The method developed by Proteo-Science Center of Ehime University (Keiichirou Nemoto and Tatsuya Sawasaki)(http://bit.ly/21ssVcQ) and RIKEN CSRS (M. Seki and K. Shinozaki) is useful for in vitro screening of substrate protein, interacting protein or chemical compound.
    • RIPPS (RIKEN Plant Phenotyping System) (K. Shinozaki, Miki Fujita, Kaoru Urano) Automated system for evaluating plant growth under environmental stress conditions developed by the Gene Discovery Research Group of CSRS. RIPPS provides high-throughput and accurate measurements of plant traits, facilitating understanding of gene function in a wide range of environmental conditions (http://bit.ly/24U4Ujx)
    • PASMet - Prediction, Analysis and Simulation of Metabolic Reaction Networks (Kansuporn Sriyudthsak, Masami Hirai) PASMet is a web-based platform for predicting, modelling and analyzing metabolic systems. Non-commercial and user-friendly tool to assist non-experts in mathematical modelling, in silico computing or programming to work on computational biology (http://pasmet.riken.jp/)
    • Plant-PrAS (Plant-Protein Annotation Suite) (A. Kurotani, Y. Yamada, AA. Tokmakov, Y. Kuroda, Y. Fukami, K. Shinozaki, T. Sakurai) Analyzed predicted multiple physicochemical and secondary structural parameters using over 20 analysis tools with whole amino acid sequences from genomes of representative plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Glycine max, Populus trichocarpa, Oryza sativa, Physcomitrella patens, and Cyanidioschyzon merolae) for which genome sequencing was achieved, and organized those results as Plant-PrAS. (http://plant-pras.riken.jp/)
    • “Development of Synthetic Promoters for Acceleration of Biomass Production” JST-ALCA project (http://bit.ly/1SRr7de) led by Yoshiharu Yamamoto (Gifu Univ.).
    • Plant Promoter Database, ppdb (http://ppdb.agr.gifu-u.ac.jp) (Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Gifu Univ.) http://bit.ly/1LVwnep was updated to ver. 3.0. Large TSS data of a NGS incorporated into the database.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Kazusa DNA Research Institute

    RIKEN BRC

    RIKEN CSRS

    PRIMe Platform for RIKEN Metabolomics (http://prime.psc.riken.jp/). Arabidopsis metabolomics platform publicly available platform resources:

    PRIMe Web Applications

    Distribution and Redistribution

    Other RIKEN CSRS developed tools and resources:

    Conferences and Workshops

    • Nov. 29-Dec. 2, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Asia Conference in Japan, “Latest Advances in Plant Development and Environmental Response” Awaji Island, Kobe (http://bit.ly/1TKqqDK) Mar. 18-10, 2016: 57th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists (http://bit.ly/1RNsULu)
    • Nov. 30-Dec. 4, 2015: 8th Plant Biomechanics International Conference, Nagoya (http://bit.ly/1TKsATT)
    • Nov. 24-25, 2015: International Symposium “Towards Increased Plant Productivity through Understanding of Environmental Responses and Epigenetic Regulation” RIKEN, Yokohama Campus. Sponsorship: RIKEN CSRS; Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya Univ.; JST CREST (http://bit.ly/1TKqm6O)
    • Oct. 8-9, 2015: ICPES 2015: 17th International Conference on Plant and Environment Sciences, Osaka (http://bit.ly/1TKrtU9)

    Selected Publications

    • Tip-localized receptors control pollen tube growth and LURE sensing in Arabidopsis. Takeuchi H, Higashiyama T (2016) Nature 531:245-8.
    • Rapid Elimination of the Persistent Synergid through a Cell Fusion Mechanism. Maruyama et al. (2015) Cell 161(4):907-18.
    • PARASITIC PLANTS. Probing strigolactone receptors in Striga hermonthica with fluorescence. Tsuchiya Y et al. (2015) Science. 349(6250):864-8.
    • Decentralized circadian clocks process thermal and photoperiodic cues in specific tissues. Hanako et al. (2015) Nature Plants 1, Article number: 15163 doi:10.1038/nplants.2015.163
    • PRC2 represses dedifferentiation of mature somatic cells in Arabidopsis. Ikeuchi et al. (2015) Nature Plants 1, Article number: 15089 doi:10.1038/nplants.2015.89

    Major Funding Sources

  • Netherlands Open or Close
    Ben Scheres (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Wageningen UR, Plant Developmental Biology, Wageningen; Sacco de Vries (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Wageningen UR, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Wageningen

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Leiden University: Auxin and pattern formation (Offringa), DNA repair and recombination (Hooykaas). Metabolomics facility for plant defence compounds (Klinkhamer).
    Utrecht University: Sugar sensing networks and phase transitions (Smeekens), Flooding stress and light avoidance (Pierik/Voesenek), Plant-Microbe interactions (Pieterse), Multi-scale modelling (ten Tusscher).
    Wageningen University: Floral transcription factor networks (Angenent), Strigolactone signalling (Bouwmeester), Root development and stem cells (Scheres), Receptor kinase biology and Embryogenesis (De Vries/Weijers).
    University of Amsterdam/VU: Abiotic stress response, lipid signalling, volatile signaling (Testerink/Haring), Chromatin structure (Koes).

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    • EU-ITN-MERIT: Metabolic Reprogramming by Induction of Transcription (2012-2015 Smeekens).
    • ERA-CAPS: Plasticity of flowering time in response to environmental signals in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLOWPLAST) (2014-2017 Angenent)
    • ERA-CAPS: European Plant Embryology Consortium (2014-2017, Weijers, Scheres)
    • Dose-dependent BBM action (2015-2019-Boutilier)
    • Role of TCP transcription factors in growth (2013-2017, Immink)
    • NWO-VENI: Evolutionary aspects of the MADS domain transcription factor FUL (2014-2017, Bemer)
    • NWO-GSU (2015-2020) Ronald Pierik. Moving from tip to base: how local far-red signalling regulates distant growth.
    • NWO-ALW (2014-2017) Ronald Pierik. Unravelling molecular mechanisms of plant competition: the interplay between above- and belowground competitive responses in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    • EMBO Long term fellowship (Oct2015-Oct2017) Scott Hayes, with Ronald Pierik. Mechanism and functional significance of salt-mediated inhibition of plant shade avoidance.
    • NWO-VIDI (2013-2018) Ronald Pierik. When growing tall is not an option: down-regulation of shoot elongation in the shade.
    • NWO-VIDI (2015-2019) Kirsten ten Tusscher. Lateral root patterning in plants: multi-scale modelling of complex feedbacks.
    • NWO-ALW (Mar2013-Jan2016) Flooding stress tolerance: an ecomolecular approach using Arabidopsis and wild relatives.
    • NWO-Veni (Jan2013-Jan2016) After the rains: unravelling the molecular mechanisms driving post flooding recovery in plants
    • NWO-ALW (Sep2015-Sep2019) A novel role for ethylene in conferring anoxia tolerance: mechanism and significance
    • NWO-GSU (Sep2015-Sep2019) NO problem: ethylene-induced regulation of nitric oxide confers flooding tolerance in plants
    • NWO-DBT (Jan2016-Jan2020) Understanding responses to simultaneously and sequentially occurring abiotic stresses typical of climate change in rice and Arabidopsis
    • ERC-StG (consolidator) Dolf Weijers - CELLPATTERN (2011-2016)
    • NWO-VIDI Bert De Rybel - The molecular and cellular basis of vascular tissue formation (2014-2019)
    • NWO-VENI Colette ten Hove - Dissecting the origin of an ancient tissue (2013-2016)
    • NWO-VICI Dolf Weijers - The evolutionary and structural basis for specificity in plant hormone response (2015-2020)

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Funding possibilities increasingly rely on comparative and evolutionary research among Arabidopsis accessions, relatives of Arabidopsis or non-relative wild plants and crops.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    • Phenovator: Flood e.a. Plant Methods 2016 12:14 (http://plantmethods.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13007-016-0113-y). Facility for high-throughput phenotyping of Arabidopsis growth and photosynthesis.
    • Angenent laboratory: ChIP-seq (both TFs and histon modifications), SELEX-seq, Immunoprecipitation-Mass Spectrometry. Pac-Bio for RNA-seq of splicing variants.
    • Scheres laboratory: collaboration with physics (prof. Bela Mulder) for simulation of microtubule dynamics on realistic cell surface shapes.

    Outreach Activities

    The Top Sector policy of the Ministry of Economic Affairs allows funding of various collaborative projects between breeding companies and Academia. In these projects we translate knowledge and tools obtained from our Arabidopsis research to crops, e.g. brassica, lettuce and tomato. An example is a project funded by the Ministry of Economic affairs and 3 Dutch breeding companies aiming at a translation of our knowledge about ambient temperature regulation of flowering time in Arabidopsis to cauliflower. (2012-2016; 2016-2020).

    Conferences and Workshops

    • Experimental Plant Science Annual Meeting Lunteren
    • Bi-yearly international summerschool Environmental Signaling in Plants (8th version held in 2015).
    • 15th New Phytologist Workshop (Ravenstein, The Netherlands) Flooding stress: signaling through perturbations in oxygen, ethylene, nitric oxide and light

    Selected Publications

    • Transcriptional control of tissue formation throughout root development. Moreno-Risueno MA, Sozzani R, Yardimci GG, Petricka JJ, Vernoux T, Blilou I, Alonso J, Winter CM, Ohler U, Scheres B, Benfey PN (2015) Science 350:426-430.
    • Evolution of DNA-binding sites of a floral master regulatory transcription factor. Muiño JM, de Bruijn S, Pajoro A, Geuten K, Vingron M, Angenent GC, Kaufmann K (2015) Mol Biol Evol 33(1):185-20.
    • Arabidopsis BIRD zinc finger proteins jointly stabilize tissue boundaries by confining the cell fate regulator SHORT-ROOT and contributing to fate specification. Long Y, Smet W, Cruz-Ramirez A, Castelijns B, de Jonge W, Mahonen AP, Bouchet B, Sanchez-Perez G, Akhmanova A, Scheres B, Blilou I (2015) The Plant Cell 27:1185-99.
    • A bHLH-based feedback loop restricts vascular cell proliferation in plants. Vera-Sirera F, De Rybel B, Úrbez C, Kouklas E, Pesquera M, Álvarez-Mahecha JC, Minguet EG, Tuominen H, Carbonell J, Borst JW, Weijers D, Blázquez MA (2015) Dev Cell. 23:432-43.
    • Origin of SERKs: Bioinformatics Analysis of the Somatic Embryogenesis Receptor Kinases. Aan den Toorn M, Albrecht C, de Vries SC (2015) Mol Plant 8:762-82
  • New Zealand Open or Close
    Lynette Brownfield (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) University of Otago, Department of Biochemistry, Dunedin

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    As agriculture plays a major role in the New Zealand economy, plant science largely focusses on forage crops such as rye, legumes and brassicas, for diary cattle and other stock, and horticultural crops such as grapes, kiwifruit, apples, stone fruits and potatoes. In this context, Arabidopsis is largely used as an easily manipulated model for the identification and testing of gene function with information translated into other species. Basic research is also conducted using Arabidopsis within the universities.

    In New Zealand, research using Arabidopsis is conducted in both universities and Crown Research Institutes (CRIs), government-owned companies that carry out scientific research. Universities working with Arabidopsis include the University of Auckland (School of Biological Sciences; Plant Molecular Science), the University of Canterbury (Biological Sciences), Lincoln University (Bio-Protection Research Centre), Massey University (Institute of Fundamental Science; Institute of Agriculture & Environment) and the University of Otago (Department of Biochemistry). The major Crown Research Institutes using Arabidopsis in research programs are AgResearch and Plant and Food Research. Research in the universities and the Crown Research Institutes is often linked, with several researchers having joint appointments in two facilities.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Major themes of research in New Zealand involving Arabidopsis:

    • Flowering time. Investigating how external cues such as day length, light quality and cold regulate flowering. The University of Auckland, the University of Otago and Plant and Food Research.
    • Plant pathogen interactions and stress responses. Lincoln University, Massey University and Plant and Food Research
    • Plant Growth and Development. Investigating the molecular control of various aspects of plant development such as plant reproduction, organ size, regulation of branching. AgResearch, Massey University, the University of Otago and Plant and Food Research.
    • Control of gene expression. Transcriptional regulation, intron-mediated transcriptional control, uORFs and translation regulation. The University of Otago and Plant and Food Research.
    • Colour and nutrition. Characterization of the molecular pathways controlling the production of pigments and nutritional compounds in plants. The University of Auckland, the University of Otago and Plant and Food Research.
    • Plant metabolism. Lipid biosynthesis, photosynthesis, photorespiration and nitrogen metabolism. Agresearch

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    As agriculture and horticulture play major roles in the New Zealand economy, Arabidopsis will continue to play a key role in plant research as a model for gene discovery, the characterization of molecular pathways and the testing of the function of genes from crop species. Basic plant science at the universities will also continue using Arabidopsis.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    Methods for concurrent transmitted light and confocal imaging in plants cells developed by David Collings at the University of Canterbury: Collings DA (2015) Optimisation approaches for concurrent transmitted light imaging during confocal microscopy. Plant Methods 11:40.

    Outreach Activities

    The plant research environment in New Zealand strongly supports the flow of information from university to applied plant scientists and plant breeders, largely though the Crown Research Institutes that are Government-owned companies. Both Plant and Food and AgResearch have scientists with a range of skills from gene discovery and characterization to plant breeding. There are also a number of researchers that have joint appointments at both a university and a Crown Research Institute. Additionally, research funding from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) is dependent upon collaborations between research scientists and potential end users being established early in a research program.

    Conferences and Workshops

    ComBio incorporating the annual meeting of the New Zealand Society of Plant Biologists and a Plant Cell Biology conference stream. September 27-October 1, 2015, Melbourne, Australia.
    QMB Plant Molecular Biology Meeting, September 1- 2, 2016. Nelson, New Zealand.

    Selected Publications

    • AJJibran R, Sullivan KL, Crowhurst R, Erridge ZA, Chagné D, McLachlan AR, Brummell DA, Dijkwel PP, Hunter, DA. (2015). Journal of Experimental Botany 66(21):6849-6862.
    • Functional and expression analyses of kiwifruit SOC1-like genes suggest that they may not have a role in the transition to flowering but may affect the duration of dormancy. Voogd C, Wang T, Varkonyi-Gasic E (2015) Journal of Experimental Botany 66:4699-710.
    • Three Medicago MtFUL genes have distinct and overlapping expression patterns during vegetative and reproductive development and 35S:MtFULb accelerates flowering and causes a terminal flower phenotype in Arabidopsis. Jaudal M, Zhang L, Che C, Putterill J (2015) Frontiers in Genetics 6.
    • Optimisation approaches for concurrent transmitted light imaging during confocal microscopy. Collings DA (2015) Plant Methods 11:40.
    • Two linked pairs of Arabidopsis TNL resistance genes independently confer recognition of bacterial effector AvrRps4. Saucet SB, Ma Y, Sarris PF, Furzer OJ, Sohn KH, Jones DGJ (2015) Nature communications 6:6338.

    Major Funding Sources

    Basic research in plant sciences in New Zealand is largely supported by the Marsden Fund administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand (http://www.royalsociety.org.nz/programmes/funds/marsden/) along with funding from universities.

    Translational research is funded through the Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) through core funding to the Crown Research Institutes and contestable funding through the Science Investment Rounds. MBIE will also support participation by New Zealand researchers in ERA-CAPS applications (http://www.eracaps.org). Funding for translational research is also available through The Agricultural and Marketing Research and Development Trust (AGMARDT: http://agmardt.org.nz/). The Crown Research Institutes also receive funds from royalties of commercialized products.

  • South Korea Open or Close
    Inhwan Hwang (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Pohang University of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    The major topics include abiotic and biotic stress, plant senescence and life history, plant hormones, photosynthesis, protein targeting and trafficking, transporters and channels, phloeme development, light signaling, and circadian clock. In addition, plant biotech-related topics are also actively studied for the purpose of developing plants as a bioreactor.

    • Multi-omic approaches for systems study on plant senescence
    • Phenomics center
    • Mass analysis system for plant hormones and secondary metabolites
    • Plant factory for GM plant growth

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    • Systems & Synthetic Agrobiotech Center (~ 9 M USD/yr for 10 years by the Rural Development Administration, Korea)
    • Systems understanding of plant senescence and life history (~9 M USD/yr for 10 years by Institute of Basic Research)
    • Global research lab project (0.5 M$/yr for 10 years by the National Research Foundation, Korea
    • Woojangchoon Project focusing on ABA signaling and synthetic biology (0.9 M USD/yr for 5 years) supported by the Rural Developmental Agency, Korea
    • Woojangchoon Project focusing on chloroplast development and photosynthesis of C3 and C4 systems (0.9 M USD/yr for 5 years) supported by the Rural Developmental Agency, Korea

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Currently, the direction of research in plant science is more towards application using crop plants. Thus, basic research using Arabidopsis is less promising. In addition, a major funding for the basic research is given to the newly established organization, the Institute of Basic Research. In this institute, the research funding is distributed to its center with a small number of scientists. Thus, it is likely that basic research, in particular plant science using Arabidopsis, at universities will suffer in the near future.

    Conferences and Workshops

    • Plant Winter Conference at POSTECH
    • Annual meeting of Korean Society of Plant Biologists
    • A workshop for CRISPR system for application to plants, in particular Arabidopsis
    • 27th International Conference on Arabidopsis research, Gyeongju, South Korea: June 29-July 3 2016

    Selected Publications

    • DNA-free genome editing in plants with preassembled CRISPR-Cas9 ribonucleoproteins. Woo JW, Kim J, Kwon SI, Corvalán C, Cho SW, Kim H, Kim SG, Kim ST, Choe S, Kim JS (2015) Nat Biotechnol. 33(11):1162-4
    • Abscisic acid transporters cooperate to control seed germination. Kang J, Yim S, Choi H, Kim A, Lee KP, Lopez-Molina L, Martinoia E, Lee Y. (2015) Nat Commun. 6:8113
    • A novel thiol-reductase activity of Arabidopsis YUC6 confers drought tolerance independently of auxin biosynthesis. Cha JY, Kim WY, Kang SB, Kim JI, Baek D, Jung IJ, Kim MR, Li N, Kim HJ, Nakajima M, Asami T, Sabir JS, Park HC, Lee SY, Bohnert HJ, Bressan RA, Pardo JM, Yun DJ (2015) Nat Commun. 6:8041
    • Cytosolic targeting factor AKR2A captures chloroplast outer membrane-localized client proteins at the ribosome during translation. Kim DH, Lee JE, Xu ZY, Geem KR, Kwon Y, Park JW, Hwang I. (2015) Nat Commun. 6:6843
    • Fibrillin 5 is essential for plastoquinone-9 biosynthesis by binding to solanesyl diphosphate synthases in Arabidopsis. Kim EH, Lee Y, Kim HU (2015) Plant Cell 27(10):2956-71
  • Spain Open or Close
    José Luis Micol (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Universidad Miguel Hernández, Elche, Spain; Ana I. Caño-Delgado (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica, Barcelona, Spain

    Conferences and Workshops

    • The PhD School on Environmental Regulation of Plant Development’ was held on 17-19 May 2016 in Valencia (Spain), organized by M.A. Blázquez and D. Alabadí.

    Selected Publications

    • S-nitrosylation triggers ABI5 degradation to promote seed germination and seedling growth. Albertos P, Romero-Puertas MC, Tatematsu K, Mateos I, Sanchez-Vicente I, Nambara E, Lorenzo O (2015) Nature Communications 6, 10.
    • Calcium-dependent oligomerization of CAR proteins at cell membrane modulates ABA signaling. Diaz M, Sanchez-Barrena MJ, Gonzalez-Rubio JM, Rodriguez L, Fernandez D, Antoni R, Yunta C, Belda-Palazon B, Gonzalez-Guzman M, Peirats-Llobet M, Menendez M, Boskovic J, Marquez JA, Rodriguez PL, Albert A (2016) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 113, E396-E405.
    • Red light-mediated degradation of CONSTANS by the E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 regulates photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis. Lazaro A, Mouriz A, Pineiro M, Jarillo JA (2015) Plant Cell 27, 2437-2454.
    • ELF3-PIF4 interaction regulates plant growth independently of the Evening complex. Nieto C, Lopez-Salmeron V, Daviere JM, Prat S (2015) Current Biology 25, 187-193.
    • Arabidopsis MAS2, an essential gene that encodes a homolog of animal NF-kappa B Activating Protein, is involved in 45S ribosomal DNA silencing. Sanchez-Garcia AB, Aguilera V, Micol-Ponce R, Jover-Gil S, Ponce MR (2015) Plant Cell 27, 1999-2015.
    • A hierarchical multi-oscillator network orchestrates the Arabidopsis circadian system. Takahashi N, Hirata Y, Aihara K, Mas P (2015) Cell 163, 148-159.
    • A bHLH-Based Feedback Loop Restricts Vascular Cell Proliferation in Plants. Vera-Sirera F, De Rybel B, Urbez C, Kouklas E, Pesquera M, Alvarez-Mahecha JC, Minguet EG, Tuominen H, Carbonell J, Borst JW, Weijers D, Blazquez MA (2015) Developmental Cell 35, 432-443.

    Major Funding Sources

    About 80 grants from the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain fund Arabidopsis research projects at individual laboratories. An European Research Council consolidator grant has been awarded to Ana I. Caño-Delgado to work on drought resistance in crops and Arabidopsis. Authors from laboratories studying Arabidopsis in Spain published about 400 papers in the last year.

  • Sweden Open or Close
    Maria E. Eriksson (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) Umeå University, Umeå Plant Science Centre, Umeå

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    There is a large community of researchers using Arabidopsis as plant model system, it is spread between more than ten Universities in Sweden. The research topics range from developmental and cell biology to ecological mechanisms. Hence, Arabidopsis is the model species of choice to address basic questions of plant growth and development, photosynthesis and stress related topics. In recent years, ecological themed work has included local adaptation of Arabidopsis thaliana accessions across vast latitudinal clines from Southern Europe to the North of Sweden.

    Major sites of Arabidopsis research are (from South to North):

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    There are several ongoing, larger projects awarded in which Arabidopsis is used as the major model system. For an orientation see individual Centres as listed above.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    All listed major funding bodies (below), regularly advertise open calls where Arabidopsis research qualifies for funding. However, there is a trend favouring applied research, and there are an increase in specific grant calls which emphasize the need for ‘products’ for the stakeholders. Hence, more funding will support plant research projects in the area of Agriculture and of Forest Biotechnology with emphasis, for instance, on research aimed at crop plant disease and protection or fiber and energy related research.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    • National resources used by the Arabidopsis research community:
    • Max Lab hosted by Lund University (http://www.maxlab.lu.se/maxlab), a facility dedictated to high-throughput, nanovolume characterization and crystallization of biological macromolecules
    • Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab) is a national resource center dedicated to large scale research in molecular biosciences and medicine with two sites; in Stockholm and Uppsala. The major funding for SciLifeLab comes from strategic grants from the Swedish government (http://www.scilifelab.se)
    • Umeå Plant Science Centre has developed and maintains platforms of genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, quantification of plant growth regulators and wood analysis (http://www.upsc.se), found under “resources”
    • The Swedish Metabolomics Centre in Umeå is a national resource (http://www.swedishmetabolomicscentre.se/)
    • The Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC, http://www.snic.vr.se/)

    Outreach Activities

    The major plant science centres across Sweden regularly host outreach activities such as ‘Fascination of Plants Day’, and other activities to increase interest in plants. On the ongoing issue on genetically modified plants, The Swedish Board of Agriculture has prompted by questions from scientists in Umeå and Uppsala in Sweden said that some plants in which the genome has been edited using the CRISPR-Cas9 technology do not fall under the European GMO definition. For information see for example http://www.upsc.se/about-upsc/news/4815-green-light-in-the-tunnel-swedish-board-of-agriculture-a-crispr-cas9-mutant-but-not-a-gmo.html.

    Conferences and Workshops

    • 2015, 9-13 August, Plant Biology Scandinavia, the 26th Congress of the Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society (SPPS), Stockholm, Sweden
    • 2016, 24-25 February, The Umeå renewable energy meeting, UPSC, Umeå
    • Upcoming meetings:
    • 2017, 3-6 July, Society of Experimental Biology Symposium, Gothenburg, Sweden
    • 2017, 8th International Symposium on Root Development, Umeå, Sweden

    Selected Publications

    About 90 papers of primary work using Arabidopsis spanning from theoretical analysis, plant development and physiology to molecular ecology were published during the last year, with Swedish scientists as lead or co-authors. Highlights are listed below.

    • Chromatin assembly factor CAF-1 represses priming of plant defence response genes. Mozgová I, Wildhaber T, Liu Q, Abou-Mansour E, L’Haridon F, Métraux J-P, Gruissem W, Hofius D, Hennig L (2015) Nature Plants 1:15127
    • Intercellular communication in Arabidopsis thaliana pollen via AHG3 transcript movement from the vegetative cell to sperm. Jiang H, Yi J, Boavida LC, Chen Y, Becker JD, Köhler C, McCormick S (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112(43):13378-83
    • The Multi-allelic genetic architecture of a variance-heterogeneity locus for molybdenum concentration in leaves acts as a source of unexplained additive genetic variance. Forsberg SK, Andreatta ME, Huang XY, Danku J, Salt DE, Carlborg Ö (2015) PLoS Genet 11(11):e1005648
    • Cell-type-specific cytokinin distribution within the Arabidopsis primary root apex. Anatoniadi I, Plačková L, Simonovik B, Doležal K, Turnbull C, Ljung K, Novák O (2015) Plant Cell 27(7):1955-67
    • Gibberellic acid signaling is required for ambient temperature-mediated induction of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana. Galvão VC, Collani S, Horrer D, Schmid M (2015) Plant J 84(5):949-62

    Major Funding Sources

    • The Swedish Research Council (VR; http://www.vr.se) a core funder of researcher-initiated basic research.
    • The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (http://www.stratresearch.se) supports strategic research in natural science, engineering and medicine.
    • The Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA; http://www.vinnova.se) promotes sustainable growth by funding needs-driven research and the development of effective innovation systems.
    • The Royal Academy of Science (http://www.kva.se)
    • The Royal Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (http://www.ksla.se)
    • The Swedish Research Council Formas (http://www.formas.se) supports basic research and need-driven research in the areas Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning.
    • The Wallenberg Foundations (http://www.wallenberg.com) private foundations supporting researcher initiated basic research as well as larger centers of excellence devoted to functional genomics and other strategic areas.
    • Carl Tryggers Foundation for Scientific Research (http://www.carltryggersstiftelse.se/) is a private foundation supporting research within the areas of agriculture, forestry, biology, chemistry and physics.
    • The Kempe Foundations (http://www.kempe.com) private foundations devoted to support scientific research in Northern Sweden
  • Switzerland Open or Close
    Kentaro K. Shimizu (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) and Misako Yamazaki (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), University of Zurich Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    Swiss Plant Science Web (Swiss-wide network of plant science, https://swissplantscienceweb.ch/)
    It is composed of Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center (competence center linking and supporting the plant science research community of the University of Zurich, ETH Zurich and the University of Basel, http://www.plantsciences.uzh.ch/index.html), Arc lémanique plant science (http://www.unil.ch/alps/home.html), and BeNeFri network.

    Functional Genomics Center Zurich (e.g. genome sequencing of Arabidopsis halleri)

    Genetic Diversity Center (e.g. genome-wide polymorphisms of Arabidopsis halleri)

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    Plant research projects and researchers are listed at the website of Swiss Plant Science Web: https://swissplantscienceweb.ch/research/research-portfolios/, https://swissplantscienceweb.ch/research/researchers/
    There are a large number of projects supported by Swiss National Science Foundation.

    PLANT FELLOWS is an international post doc fellowship programme in the field of plant sciences co-funded by the SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME (FP7) Marie Curie Actions – People, Co-funding of Regional, National and International Programmes (COFUND). It is chaired by Prof. Ueli Grossniklaus and run by the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center. PLANT FELLOWS offers capacity for +49 new post-doctoral fellowships of average 24 – 36 months each spread between three different schemes (incoming, outgoing and reintegration), between 2012 until February 2016 on Arabidopsis and other plants. The EU will contribute 40% (EUR 4,994,000) to the fellowship program while 60% is co-funded by the host organization, i.e. the hosting principal investigators. The program is accompanied by a structured training program, including workshops, dedicated training in complementary skills and industrial placements. PLANT FELLOWS has established a qualification framework in the area of life-long learning/continuous education, which complements the present postdoctoral training in plant sciences with an international competitive dimension.
    IDP BRIDGES is an Innovative Doctoral Program supporting 14 PhD students for working in the most challenging areas of plant sciences. In IDP BRIDGES, a cohort of 14 PhD fellowships - funded by 7th Framework Programme of the European Union for 36 months - is linked to the training program Science & Policy.

    SystemsX.ch

    PlantGrowth2 In a Changing Environment, Apr. 2013 – Mar. 2017 (http://www.systemsx.ch/projects/research-technology-and-development-projects/plantgrowth2/)

    MecanX Understanding Physics of Plant Growth, Apr. 2013 – Mar. 2017 (http://www.systemsx.ch/projects/research-technology-and-development-projects/mecanx/)

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    The National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) “Plant Survival – Plant Survival in Natural and Agricultural Ecosystems” finished in 2013. It would be valuable for proposing Arabidopsis related researches in the next calls.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    • Further development of Genevestigator database (Zimmerman et al. 2014)
    • Swiss-Prot database contributes to TAIR database
    • Schmid, M.W. and Grossniklaus, U. (2015) Rcount: simple and flexible RNA-Seq read counting. Bioinformatics 31, 436-437.
    • Geiser C, Mandakova T, Arrigo N, Lysak MA & Parisod C. (2016) Repeated whole-genome duplication, karyotype reshuffling and biased retention of stress-responding genes in Buckler Mustard. Plant Cell 28: 17-27.

    Outreach Activities

    Plant Science Center Discovery Program for Youth (Supported by AGORA of Swiss National Science Foundation) (2015-)

    Gen Suisse program (http://www.gensuisse.ch/) for high school students in French, “Agriculture from the Garden of Eden to GMOs” by Prof. Christian Fankhauser

    Continuing Education Program in Plant Sciences for Secondary School Teachers (http://www.plantsciences.uzh.ch/outreach/atschool.html)
    Plant research was a missing element in continuing education and is, therefore, very well received by the teachers and collaborators in the regional learning centers. At the interface we now offer several workshops with an innovative format, topics at the forefront of current plant science research but well linked to the curricula of secondary schools, exchange with active researchers in interactive discussion, robust teaching material that can be transferred easily to classroom teaching, and guidance and support through our flying trainer during and after the workshop. Topics have been discussed with teachers before setting up the training to make sure that they are meeting the requirements of teachers and school classes. Participation in our workshops is fully accredited as continuing education in the teacher’s portfolio.

    Plant Molecular Biology II: Angewandte evolutionsforschung mit Gemüse aus dem Supermarkt (2), Evolution du Broccoli (Development in 2014 / first time offered in Dec 2014) (WS V)

    Conferences and Workshops

    Selected Publications

    • Adaptation of Root Function by Nutrient-Induced Plasticity of Endodermal Differentiation. Barberon M, Vermeer JE, De Bellis D, Wang P, Naseer S, Andersen TG, Humbel BM, Nawrath C, Takano J, Salt DE, Geldner N (2016) Cell 28;164(3):447-59
    • Functional overlap of the Arabidopsis leaf and root microbiota. Bai Y, Müller DB, Srinivas G, Garrido-Oter R, Potthoff E, Rott M, Dombrowski N, Münch PC, Spaepen S, Remus-Emsermann M, Hüttel B, McHardy AC, Vorholt JA, Schulze-Lefert P (2015) Nature. 17;528(7582):364-9
    • Abscisic acid transporters cooperate to control seed germination. Kang J, Yim S, Choi H, Kim A, Lee KP, Lopez-Molina L, Martinoia E, Lee Y (2015) Nat Commun. 3;6:8113
    • Evolution of selfing: recurrent patterns in molecular adaptation. Shimizu, K.K., Tsuchimatsu, T (2015) Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 46, 593-622
    • Balancing of B6 vitamers is essential for plant development and metabolism in Arabidopsis. Colinas M, Eisenhut M, Tohge T, Pesquera M, Fernie AR, Weber AP, Fitzpatrick TB (2016) Plant Cell. 28(2):439-53

    Major Funding Sources

    • Swiss National Science Foundation
    • European Research Council (ERC)
    • SystemsX.ch
    • EU Cofund “Plant Fellows” run by the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center (see above)
    • Syngenta (Plant Science Center - Syngenta Fellowship)
    • Human Frontier Science Project
    • Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE) of European Commission
    • State Secretariat for Education, Research, and Innovation (SERI)
  • United Kingdom Open or Close
    Geraint Parry (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), Cardiff University, UK; Ruth Bastow (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) GARNet, Cardiff University, UK

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    The UK has active Arabidopsis research occurring at over 40 academic departments and research institutes. The major funder of this research is the Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC) who shows continued support of Arabidopsis research as a model for discovery and as a pathway to translation. The BBSRC supports the Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre (uNASC) that, as one of two global stock centres hold over 1 million genotypes and annually supply over 100,000 tubes of seed.

    The BBSRC research institutes of the John Innes Centre, Rothamsted Research, the Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Science (IBERS) and The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) have a plant science focus that includes Arabidopsis research. The National Plant Phenomics Centre, NPPC is located at IBERS Aberystwyth. BBSRC also supports iPlantUK and the Centre for Integrative Biology, CPIB in Nottingham.
    The Gatsby Charitable Foundation supports two plant science research institutions. The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich) and the Sainsbury Laboratory Cambridge University both have significant Arabidopsis research programmes.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    The majority of UK Arabidopsis grants are awarded to individual research groups, although the BBSRC also funds a number of ‘Networks in Industrial Biotechnology and Bioenergy’ (NIBB) that have the aim of encouraging the translation of fundamental research, most of which is occurring in Arabidopsis. These NIBBs include the ‘High Value in Chemicals Network (http://hvcfp.net/)’ and the ‘Lignocellulosic Biorefinery Network (http://lb-net.net/)’
    By mid-2016 the BBSRC funds almost 100 active individual research grants that include most aspects of Arabidopsis research, awarded to over 75 different academics. This amounts to over £39million of support.
    Since the start of 2015 there have been 35 grants awarded to a value of £15.3million. Amongst these recent grants, highlights include:

    UK-based Arabidopsis researchers have also benefited from individual grants from the EU, Levi Yant (John Innes Centre), Yiliang Ding (John Innes Centre) and Steven Spoel (University of Edinburgh) gained ERC Starting Grants whilst Kirsten Bomblies (John Innes Centre) and Ian Henderson (University of Cambridge) were successful in their applications for ERC Consolidator grants.

    The BBSRC has provided significant support for UK Synthetic Biology, in which a number of Arabidopsis researchers have generated tools to aid discovery and translation. Notably BBSRC funded the OpenPlant Synthetic Biology Centre (www.openplant.org/) as well as the recently established Synthetic Biology Centres that include Arabidopsis researchers in their research membership (SynthSysEd, BrisSynBio).

    PhD Studentships to support Arabidopsis research are largely provided through ‘Doctoral Training Programs (DTP)’ that offer grants on a competitive basis within consortium of usually geographically similar areas. Therefore this provides excellent opportunities to train the next generation of plant scientists.

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    Over the past four years the BBSRC funding provided to Arabidopsis-focused grants has been maintained (£10M, 2015; £21M, 2014; £10M, 2013; £11.5M, 2012) indicating that fundamental research remains an important part of BBSRC research funding. Researchers have adapted well to a changing funding requirement that requires greater translation of fundamental research. The involvement of Arabidopsis researchers with BBSRC NIBBs and Synthetic Biology programs indicates that they are embracing the new areas of research.
    In mid 2016 the UK Plant Science Federation play to publish a ‘Roadmap for UK Plant Science’. This will recommend that aspects of the future UK bioeconomy dependent on plant science require maintaining the close links between basic academic research and potential industrial partners. The report states that removal of this basic research base will have a detrimental effect on UK productivity in this area.

    Arabidopsis Tools and Resources

    • Release of the new Arabidopsis Genome Annotation, ARAPORT11. Gos Micklem (University of Cambridge) is part of the Arabidopsis Information Portal team that has developed this improved annotation along with a host of other analysis tools (https://www.araport.org/)
    • BioDare (Biological Data Repository) is an online resource for the sharing, processing and analysis, with the main focus on timeseries data produced in circadian experiments. This resource was developed by a consortium of researchers from Edinburgh SynthSys (https://www.biodare.ed.ac.uk/robust/)
    • CPIB continues to add to their portfolio of supplying publicly-available software, hardware and database resources that are useful for a wide range of plant scientists (https://www.cpib.ac.uk/tools-resources/)
    • Paul Knox (University of Leeds) continues to develop antibodies targeted against components of the plant cell wall and are available at the not-for profit PlantProbes (http://www.plantprobes.net)
    • Nicola Patron (The Sainsbury Lab, Norwich) led a broad selection of researchers, including those from ENSA, RIPE and C4 Gates-funded projects who recommended ‘Standard Plant Synthetic Biology: a common syntax for exchange of DNA parts’ (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.13532/full)
    • Gordon Simpson (James Hutton Institute, Dundee) was involved in setting up the PolyAdb database that provides access to information that has been generated by Direct RNA sequencing about polyadenylation sites in Arabidopsis genes. (https://www.compbio.dundee.ac.uk/polyADB/)

    Outreach Activities

    The BBSRC-funded GARNet community network continues to support UK plant science by providing regular updates regarding new developments that involve Arabidopsis research. This is provided via the @GARNetweets feed, the ‘Weeding the Gems’ blog (http://blog.garnetcommunity.org.uk/), the GARNet website (http://www.garnetcommunity.org.uk/) and through the ArabUK email group. The dissemination of a weekly Arabidopsis Research Roundup provides an update on newly published papers and includes occasional audio-descriptions by leading academics. The bi-annual GARNish newsletter continues to inform the worldwide community about recent events and technical developments (http://www.garnetcommunity.org.uk/newsletters). GARNet has collaborated with the Gatsby Foundation to provide £500 travel grants for UK-based PhD students to attend the ICAR2016

    In May 2015, many UK research groups participated in worldwide Fascination of Plants day, which connected plant scientists with 1000s of members of the public: http://goo.gl/NlUWKf

    The BBSRC engaged a media company to create videos focusing on excellence in UK Plant Science, including descriptions of research that began in Arabidopsis: https://goo.gl/L2Uknr

    CPIB continued to encourage interaction between different research areas with their organisation of the ‘7th Mathematics in the Plant Sciences Study Group (MPSSG)’.

    Conferences and Workshops

    • In September 2015 GARNet and OpenPlant collaborated to organise a workshop on CRISPR/Cas that brought together many Arabidopsis researchers to learn hands-on approaches to this important technology. A commentary piece resulting from the meeting was recently published: Parry et al. Plant Methods (2016) 12:6 DOI 10.1186/s13007-016-0104-z
    • The OpenPlant consortium organised an inaugural OpenPlantForum that presented exciting aspects of plant SynBio including examples of use of Arabidopsis as a chassis for synthetic biology approaches
    • In 2016 GARNet will organise three workshops that will bring together Arabidopsis researchers from the UK and beyond:

    - April: Integrating Large Data into Plant Science: From Big Data to Discovery, Exeter: http://goo.gl/eHBZOM
    - September: GARNet2016- Innovation in the Plant Sciences, Cardiff: http://garnet2016.weebly.com/
    - December: Natural Variation as a tool for gene discovery and crop improvement, Cambridge: http://garnetnatvar2016.weebly.com/

    • In April 2016 both ‘The Sainsbury Lab, Cambridge University ‘ and the UK Plant Science Federation (UKPSF) organised meetings that brought together Arabidopsis researchers under the more general topics of ‘Induced Plant Development’ and ‘Plants in a changing world: molecule to ecosystem’ respectively.
    • The Society for Experimental Biology’s annual conference will be held in Brighton in the UK in July 2016.

    Selected Publications

    During 2015 UK researchers published over 150 papers that involved work on Arabidopsis, 70% of which were Open Access. These are some selected highlights:

    • A Plant Immune Receptor Detects Pathogen Effectors that Target WRKY Transcription Factors. Sarris PF, Duxbury Z, Huh SU, Ma Y, Segonzac C, Sklenar J, Derbyshire P, Cevik V, Rallapalli G, Saucet SB, Wirthmueller L, Menke FL, Sohn KH, Jones JD (2015) Cell 161:1089-1100 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.04.024
    • The circadian clock rephases during lateral root organ initiation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Voß U, Wilson MH, Kenobi K, Gould PD, Robertson FC, Peer WA, Lucas M, Swarup K, Casimiro I, Holman TJ, Wells DM, Péret B, Goh T, Fukaki H, Hodgman TC, Laplaze L, Halliday KJ, Ljung K, Murphy AS, Hall AJ, Webb AA, Bennett MJ (2015) Nature Communication 6:7641. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8641
    • Monodehydroascorbate reductase mediates TNT toxicity in plants. Johnston EJ, Rylott EL, Beynon E, Lorenz A, Chechik V, Bruce NC (2015) Science 349:1072-1075. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aab3472
    • Lin Z, Eaves DJ, Sanchez-Moran E, Franklin FC, Franklin-Tong VE (2015) The Papaver rhoeas S determinants confer self-incompatibility to Arabidopsis thaliana in planta Science 350(6261):684-7 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aad2983
    • The MYB36 transcription factor orchestrates Casparian strip formation. Kamiya T, Borghi M, Wang P, Danku JM, Kalmbach L, Hosmani PS, Naseer S, Fujiwara T, Geldner N, Salt DE (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 112 (39):12099-12104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1507691112

    Major Funding Sources

  • United States Open or Close
    Joanna Friesner (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), University of California, Davis, NAASC Coordinator, with input by Keiko Torii, NAASC President, University of Washington (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), Siobhan Brady, Sarah Assmann, Erich Grotewold, Doris Wagner, Rick Vierstra, Elizabeth Haswell and Jose Dinneny.

    Arabidopsis Research Facilities

    There are a large number of US institutions, companies, and facilities that conduct Arabidopsis research and it would be impossible to list them all within the report’s space restrictions. Therefore we list ABRC, the US stock center which, in partnership with NASC, the European Stock Centre (UK) and RIKEN BioResourceCenter (Japan), provide valuable Arabidopsis seed (and other) resources to the global community:

    The Arabidopsis Biological Resource Center (ABRC) collects, preserves, reproduces and distributes diverse seed and other stocks of Arabidopsis thaliana and related species. Resources are donated by researchers from around the world. ABRC has been providing Arabidopsis and related species seed and other resources for research and education since 1991. At present ABRC has about 4,000 characterized mutant and 2,000 transgenic lines. Overall the seed collection is approaching half a million (~490,000) counting all the characterized and uncharacterized T-DNA lines, as well as the natural accessions. More than 100,000 samples are shipped annually to researchers and educators from 60 countries. ABRC holdings include: Arabidopsis seed stocks and clones, Arabidopsis cell lines and protein chips, seed and clone resources from related species, Cloning vectors and host strain, Education kits.

    Current Arabidopsis Projects

    There are a large number of US Arabidopsis projects that include many partners and encompass a vast array of topics. It would be impossible to parse out the ‘major projects’ within the report’s space restrictions; therefore we list four NAASC-initiated and/or led community consortium proposals that focus on: (1) Research and training for plant biology in the 21st Century; (2) the Arabidopsis reference genome and related resources (3) International collaboration and cooperation for informatics efforts and resources and (4) US and international collaboration to prioritize goals and research needs aimed at efficiently deciphering how chromatin and epigenetic regulation at the genome level controls plant form and function.
    (1) NSF Award #1518280 (PI S. Brady, Co-PI J. Friesner) RCN: Arabidopsis Research and Training for the 21st century (ART-21); June 2015-May 2020; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1518280
    (2) NSF Award #1262414 (PI C. Town, Co-PIs G. Micklem, M. Vaughn, A. Chan, J. Miller, K. Krampos) ABI Development: The Arabidopsis Information Portal; Sept. 2013- Aug. 2018; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1262414
    (3) NSF Award #1062348 (PI B. Meyers, CoPIs E. Grotewold, V. Brendel D. Ware) RCN: An International Arabidopsis Informatics Consortium; June 2011-May 2016; https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1062348&HistoricalAwards=false
    (4) NSF Award #0925071 (PI D. Wagner, Co-PIs C. Pikaard, R. Martienssen) RCN: Establishment of an Epigenomics of Plants International Consortium (EPIC); April 2010-March 2016; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=0925071

    Outlook on Arabidopsis Research

    NAASC recently recommended a comprehensive reassessment of training needs for 21st century plant biology to meet the evolving demands of careers in the life sciences. NAASC member Siobhan Brady submitted a 5-year funding proposal to the US National Science Foundation (1) which was awarded in June 2015. The Research Collaboration Network (RCN) focuses on convening US plant biologists with experts from computational, quantitative, and diverse education-oriented fields in the US to consider and evaluate the changing training needs for 21st century plant biology; activities will include participation of international collaborators. The challenge for Arabidopsis researchers, and all biologists, is to study and understand the complexity of biological systems, new datatypes and the myriad large datasets that are increasingly available; this will require a larger focus on quantitative, systems and computational approaches in combination with biological experimentation. Furthermore, with global climate instability and worldwide agricultural crises, an important mission of plant biologists is to carry out plant research in economically important crop species to ensure agricultural sustainability. Concurrently, non-academic 21st century biology careers will continue to grow and outnumber those in academia while the US student population will continue to increase in diversity, mirroring larger national trends. Therefore new training and educational approaches are necessary. The NAASC-led series of collaborative activities in the RCN focuses on three key aspects of training and research approaches: (1) identification of emerging technologies using Arabidopsis, including strong integration of wet-lab, computational, quantitative, and bioinformatic approaches; (2) enhancement of interdisciplinary training of biologists for academic and non-academic careers; and (3) increasing the diversity of US plant biology researchers using targeted mechanisms.

    (1) NSF Award #1518280 (PI S. Brady, Co-PI J. Friesner) RCN: Arabidopsis Research and Training for the 21st century (ART-21); June 2015-May 2020; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1518280

    Outreach Activities

    ICAR 2016 (Korea): (1) NAASC will fund participation of 11 US scientists in the 27th ICAR being held this June in South Korea. As in past years, NAASC will provide funding and travel scholarships to enable ICAR participation by 7 early-career US scientists and groups under-represented in US science (2 additional NAASC members will attend). These ‘ambassadors’ from the US will interact with the international community and further goals for diversity and excellence in US science and international collaboration and cooperation. (2) NAASC members will organize or participate in two community workshops at ICAR 2016: (A) NAASC member Siobhan Brady will co-lead (with Cranos Williams) an RCN (1) workshop entitled “Emerging Genomics Techniques and the Future of Research using Arabidopsis thaliana”. Scheduled presentations include: Doris Wagner, University of Pennsylvania, “Speeding up discovery: from genomic data to mechanism and traits”; Bob Schmitz, University of Georgia, “Methods for mapping epigenomes from samples with limited starting material”; Nicola J. Patron, The Sainsbury Lab, “Expanding and improving the plant genome engineering toolbox”; Cranos Williams, North Carolina State University, “Engineering Computational and Analytical Solutions for Plant Systems Research”. (B) NAASC member Doris Wagner is a presenter in the “Epigenetics and Environmental Stress” workshop co-organized by June Kwak and Yun Ju Kim. Doris will also give a presentation in the NAASC workshop.

    January 2016: Joanna Friesner, NAASC Coordinator, presented an outreach seminar entitled ‘Community collaborations: Advancing Arabidopsis Research and Training (ART-21) and the International Arabidopsis Informatics Consortium’ during the Plant and Animal Genomes Conference in San Diego, USA. A pdf of the presentation is publicly available for viewing or downloading at http://bit.ly/1QfMh4V
    July 2015: NAASC members Siobhan Brady and Joanna Friesner held an interactive RCN (1) workshop at ICAR 2015 (Paris) entitled ‘Bioinformatics, Quantitative Techniques and Computational Skills: Current Research and Future Training Needs for 21st Century Plant Biology”. The workshop included presentations and an interactive panel discussion on the bioinformatics and computational skills needed by plant scientists in the 21st century, and the bottlenecks or barriers to providing these skills to students, postdoctoral scholars and faculty. The workshop was attended by approximately 150 participants and a survey was distributed at the end of the workshop asking attendees to list the key skills and barriers. The results from the approximately 50 students and postdocs that responded are: Key bioinformatic, quantitative, or computational skills they wanted to learn (in order from most to least desired): (1) Computer programming, (2) statistical analysis, (3) modeling, (4) data analysis, and (5) fundamental mathematics. Biggest obstacles to obtaining these skills (in order from biggest to smallest obstacle): (1) Lack of time since their work is primarily wet-lab, (2) lack of fundamental knowledge (their education did not include programming, modeling, advanced math or statistical analysis), (3) a rapidly changing field makes it challenging to keep up, (4) lack of access to relevant training or coursework, and (5) their PI doesn’t prioritize them to do non-wet-lab work.

    (1) NSF Award #1518280 (PI S. Brady, Co-PI J. Friesner) RCN: Arabidopsis Research and Training for the 21st century (ART-21); June 2015-May 2020; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1518280

    Conferences and Workshops

    May 2016 (Arizona, USA): NAASC RCN - (1) Steering Committee members Siobhan Brady, Joanna Friesner, Blake Meyers, and Nick Provart convened the first NAASC RCN focus group with 35 participants entitled “Computational training of plant biologists for academia and industry in the 21st Century”. The over-arching questions for the focus group to consider were: (A) What are the bioinformatics and computational skills needed by plant scientists of the 21st century to deal with more complex datasets (predictive, quantitative and theory-driven)? (B) What are the bottlenecks to providing students with the needed skills? (C) What do employers (of various types) need/want from employees; what are marketable skills in this area? The key topics were: (i) Training and Education: Skills needed for positions: Industry Positions; Faculty Positions; Undergraduate, Graduate and Postdoc Education (ii) Collaborations: Working with a biologist: a quantitative expert’s perspective; Working with a quantitative expert: a biologist’s perspective; Retraining: Yourself; From a funding perspective (iii) Training Arabidopsis Biologists for High-Throughput Phenotyping; and (iv) Translating from Arabidopsis to Crop Species, and Vice Versa. A workshop white paper with recommendations and analysis will be forthcoming.

    June 2016: NAASC community workshop scheduled for ICAR 2016 (Korea) - “Emerging Genomics Techniques and the Future of Research using Arabidopsis thaliana”; see ‘Outreach’ section.

    July 2015: NAASC community workshop held at ICAR 2015 (Paris) - “Bioinformatics, Quantitative Techniques and Computational Skills: Current Research and Future Training Needs for 21st Century Plant Biology” see ‘Outreach’ section.

    (1) NSF Award #1518280 (PI S. Brady, Co-PI J. Friesner) RCN: Arabidopsis Research and Training for the 21st century (ART-21); June 2015-May 2020; http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1518280

    Selected Publications

    50 years of Arabidopsis research: highlights and future directions. Provart NJ, Alonso J, Assmann SM, Bergmann D, Brady SM, Brkljacic J, Browse J, Chapple C, Colot V, Cutler S, Dangl J, Ehrhardt D, Friesner JD, Frommer WB, Grotewold E, Meyerowitz E, Nemhauser J, Nordborg M, Pikaard C, Shanklin J, Somerville C, Stitt M, Torii KU, Waese J, Wagner D, McCourt P (2016) New Phytol. 209(3):921-44.

    Major Funding Sources

    Government:
    US Arabidopsis Research is primarily supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF): http://www.nsf.gov/
    Additional support:
    US Department of Agriculture (USDA): http://www.usda.gov/
    US Department of Energy (DOE): http://energy.gov/
    National Institutes of Health (NIH): http://www.nih.gov/

    Private:
    HHMI-GBMF: http://news.sciencemag.org/2011/06/biomedical-institute-adds-15-plant-biologists-its-roster; https://www.hhmi.org/scientists
    Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: http://www.gatesfoundation.org/